REPORT text…

Dear students…

There are so many questions about Report. I’m going to to give you short explanation. hope you’ll understand easily.

Well, it’s absolutely different between REPORT text and Laporan dalam bahasa Indonesia. Report as one of the genres that we learn does not mean laporan in Indonesia. So, what is a report text? Report means a text which describe things in general. It’s a little bit different from descriptive text which describe specific thing. To tell the facts of the things described, the writer usually uses present simple tense. Kecuali bendanya sudah punah, seperti dinosaurus. Penulis atau pembicara akan menggunakan simple past tense jika benda yang diceritakan sudah punah, alias dah jadul. Report text contains the class or subclass of the topic described, and then followed by telling the shape, parts, behaviour, etc in details.

Kalian pasti pernah mendeskripsikan sesuatu, bisa berupa hewan, tumbuhan, benda, dan hal lain secara umum. Contoh nyata jika ada turis asing yang meminta kalian menjelaskan tentang karakteristik orang Indonesia, kalian pasti akan mendeskripsikan orang Indonesia secara umum bukan mendeskripsikan diri kamu sendiri tentunya. Atau dalam pelajaran Biologi, kalian biasanya mempelajari karakteristik hewan secara umum, baik itu kelasnya (classification) hingga mempelajari sifat-sifat hewan tersebut secara detail (description).

Dalam bahasa Indonesia kita mengenal teks deskripsi. Namun dalam pelajaran bahasa Inggris teks deskripsi dibedakan menjadi dua bagian, yaitu descriptive dan report.

Yang harus diingat adalah Report adalah jenis teks yang mendeskripsikan sesuatu secara umum. Beda dengan Descriptive yang mendeskripsikan sesuatu secara spesifik atau tertentu (alias cuma satu). Contoh: Ada dua teks tentang komputer yaitu “Computer” dan “My Own Computer”, kalau dilihat dari judulnya kedua teks tersebut beda jenis teksnya: Computer (Umum; jenis teksnya Report); My own computer (Khusus, kan cuma komputer saya, makanya jenis teksnya Descriptive).

For example:

For many years, many people believed that the cleverest animals after man were the chimpanzees. Now, however, there is proof that dolphins may be even cleverer than these big apes.

Although a dolphin lives in the sea it is not a fish. It is a mammal. It is in many ways, therefore, like a human being.

Dolphins have a simple language. They are able to talk to one another. It may be possible for man to learn how to talk to dolphins. But this will not be easy because dolphins cannot hear the kind of sounds man can make. If man wants to talk to dolphins, therefore, he will have to make a third language which both he and the dolphins can understand.

Dolphins are also very friendly toward man. They often follow ships. There are many stories about dolphins guiding ships through difficult and dangerous water.

Text di atas menjelaskan tentang dolphin secara umum. Di paragraf kedua tercantum jelas bahwa dolphin belongs to mammal. Ini menjelaskan bahwa dophin termasuk ke dalam kelas mamalia. Di paragraf ketiga dan selanjutnya menjelaskan tentang kebiasaan dari dolphin secara umum.

Contoh lain:

A razor is a tool which is found in nearly every bathroom. A man who has thick hair on his face may have to shave twice a day. It is a habit which can be dangerous. For many years, a razor was a handle with a long piece of steel which was sharp and flat at one end. These razors had a long open blade.

But today’s razors are safer and more convenient to use. The thing which makes today’s razor safe is that the blade is small thin sharp piece of steel. The person who invented razor blades was a man called King Gillette. He was a clever man who had many ideas for new inventions. He wanted to make a blade that was safe and which could be used several times. In 1891, he invented a new type of razor blade. It was short and it was held in a special handle. The sharp edge of the blade did not stick out very far. It was a razor which was safe to use. It was more difficult to cut yourself than with the older type of razor.

Gillette’s razor blade became popular. It was an invention which worked well and which everybody need because each blade only lasted 8 to 10 times. Gillette sold many of his new safety blades and soon became a millionaire.

Teks di atas menceritakan tentang benda mati yaitu razor. Di paragraf awal menggambarkan tentang suatu alat berupa razor secara umum. Di paragraf berikutnya menjelaskan tentang bagian dan bentuk dari razor.

It’s clear that both of the texts above describe things in general. Report teks biasanya kita temukan dalam buku-buku ilmiah, science khususnya.

Social Function:

Describe the way things are (for example: a man-made thing, animals, plants). The things must be a representative of their class.

Text organization/Generic Structure:

  1. General classification (Introduce the topic of the report, such as: the class or the subclass)
  2. Description (tell the shape/form, parts, behaviour, habitat, way of survival)

Language Feature:

  1. The use of general nouns
  2. The use of relating verbs
  3. The use of present tense
  4. The use of behavioral verbs

Perlu contoh lain kan. Tinggal klik the followings:

What-is-a-kangaroo?

The-white-pelican

silkworms

seals

gold-is-a-precious-metal

sea-horse

dolphins

chimpanzees

carnivorous-plants

About these ads

161 comments on “REPORT text…

  1. Mam,can u help me?i wanna u tell me about report,such as:
    1.perbedaan report dgn descriptive
    2.ap mksudx,”menggunakan simple presetnt,kcuali jk bnda it punah.”
    3.di report tdk ad urutan sementara,ap mksdx?
    Dan tlg bri cntoh teks recount ttg liburan d desa(sawah)..
    Thanks mam. Pliz reply back to me..

  2. generic structure dan text organization itu sama ato beda? dlm report text generic structurenya general clasification dan description sedangkan text organization nya general clasification dan identification. Bingung???

    • You’re entirely welcome. Senang bisa membantu banyak orang melalui blog ini. Mudah-mudahan bisa memberikan manfaat yang melimpah.

  3. thanks bngat bwt bantuannya ya…….Q bnyak blajar dari sini… tapi Q berharap p yg dsediakan bsa lbih mnarik dan bermanfaat utamanya dlm hal pendi2kan……Ok thanks

  4. Q berterimh ksih bngat dengan adnya lyanan ini karena bsa membantu dlam proses pendi2kan…….tpi klo bs lyanannya harus lbih mnarik lg dan lbh brmanfaat lag ya………Thanks

  5. asslkum,bunda saya mau tanya teks report di pelajari di SMA kelas berapa??? mohon di jawab cepat ya bunda,soalnya perlu..TQ B4

    • Waalaikumsalam Trisa… Report ada di kelas XI semester 1. Coba aja liat di kurikulum, pasti ada tercantum.

  6. assalamualaikum bunda!!!! ana mau tny nich bnda,, tlg djwb y bunda??
    sbnrny ap yg d maksud/ definisi teks report se bnda ,,, smpet binguend jg nich???
    sblm’y thanks bgt y bunda??

    • To Zizah..

      Report text adalah teks yang menggambarkan dengan jelas suatu objek (orang, benda, hewan) secara umum.

    • Contoh report banyak banget di internet. Coba aja cari di wikipedia.com.
      Contoh: Rabbits are small mammals in the family Leporidae of the order Lagomorpha, found in several parts of the world. There are seven different genera in the family classified as rabbits, including the European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), cottontail rabbits (genus Sylvilagus; 13 species), and the Amami rabbit (Pentalagus furnessi, an endangered species on Amami Ōshima, Japan). There are many other species of rabbit, and these, along with pikas and hares, make up the order Lagomorpha.

      • Dear Eko and Ajunk..
        Coba liat lagi deh di folder report. Strukturnya kan hanya ada 2, biasanya paragraf pertama itu namanya general classification, sisanya pasti description.

    • Well, you can find it in wikipedia.
      Ie. A suitcase is a general term for a distinguishable form of luggage. It is often somewhat flat rectangular-shaped bag with rounded/square corners, either metal, hard plastic or made of cloth, vinyl or leather that more or less keeps its shape. It has a carrying handle on one side and is used mainly for transporting clothes and other possessions during trips. It opens on hinges like a door. Suitcases lock with keys or a combination.

  7. tq mam atas infonya…
    tpi…isa kasih lampiran yg singkat gk ?
    (contoh report text yg 2 alinea ajh gitu)
    please

    • Danang.. dari teks yang kamu baca, kamu bisa ko cuma mengambil dua alenia saja, meskipun informasi yang didapatkan belum terlalu jelas.

  8. tolong kasih contoh teks report mengenai tanaman monokotil dong, misalnya jagung… makasih ya sebelumnya, kirim ke email aku aja…

  9. Pingback: Contoh-Example of Report Text about Dolphins - Contoh Jenis Text Bahasa Inggris - Text Types

  10. Ass. Mulaikum bunda :)

    Bunda.. Caca mau nanya nih!
    Perbedann report text sama news item apa :( ?

    Bantuin ia bund..
    Pliss..

    Ada tugas b.inggris nih!
    Ia ia ia :)
    bunda kn baik ;) ?
    Hhehehe

    mksh ia bund,sblum y :).
    Mikumm ;)

    • Dear Tesa..
      News Item adalah teks yang menceritakan mengenai suatu berita, contoh tentang suatu kejadian tertentu.
      Report adalah teks yang menceritakan suatu benda, hewan secara umum, misalnya tentang kucing.

      Coba baca contohnya di folder news item dan report.

  11. bunda minta buatin text report tentang indonesia dong… jgn banyak2 yang biar kaya buatan sendiri gitu hehehehe :D

    • For Yudha..

      BATIK

      Batik is derived from Javanese words. Amba and titik. Amba means to write and titik means dot. And from a hypothetical Proto-Austronesian ro *beCik, means to tattoo. And for globally batik is cloth which traditionally uses a manual wax-resist dyeing technique.
      G.P. Roffaer said in the 6th or 7th century the technique of batik was found in India and Sri Lanka. Then in the 12th century the grinsing pattern was already known in Kediri, East Java.
      In 1817 Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles published the technique of batik which is described for the first time in the History of Java.
      And since October 2, 2009 UNESCO designated Indonesian batik as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intelligible Heritage of Humanity. As part of the acknowledgement, UNESCO insisted that Indonesia preserve its heritage.
      There are various types of batik. In general, batik is divided into two parts, Javanese Kraton Batik and Pesisir Batik. Javanese Kraton Batik, is the oldest batik tradition known in Java. This type of batik has earthy colour tones such as black, brown, and dark yellow (sogan), sometimes against a white background. Pesisir Batik is created and produced by several areas on the northern coast of Java and on Madura.

  12. Pingback: Teks Report « Gupakanwarak's Blog

  13. di report teks ada orientation, resolution nya ga’???
    klo ada tlong donk bund d buatin contoh nya,,,,plizzzzz urgen nech bund,,,,

  14. tolaong donk bikinin text report about burung and kupu-kupu……… secepatnya soalnya buat tugas skol……. bwt presentasi b.ing…. low bisa kata-katanya yang mudah diingat…..

    sebelumnya aq ucapin thanks

    • A: Don’t pass that way, it’s slippery!
      B: Ouch! It hurts..
      B: Well, I’ve warned you before. You should be more careful next time.

  15. ibu, tolong dong berikan aku pencerahan *ceile..
    gini bu, di sekolah kan ada tugas buat bikin report text yang isinya tentang berita/news yang lagi update saat ini. Nah, itu contohnya kayak gmana ya? terus biasanya pake tenses apa? hihi.. banyak nanya ya.
    Masih bu,.
    Blognya keren

  16. Dear students…

    There are so many questions about Report. I’m going to to give you short explanation. hope you’ll understand easily.

    Well, it’s absolutely different between REPORT text and Laporan dalam bahasa Indonesia. Report as one of the genres that we learn does not mean laporan in Indonesia. So, what is a report text? Report means a text which describe things in general. It’s a little bit different from descriptive text which describe specific thing. To tell the facts of the things described, the writer usually uses present simple tense. Kecuali bendanya sudah punah, seperti dinosaurus. Penulis atau pembicara akan menggunakan simple past tense jika benda yang diceritakan sudah punah, alias dah jadul. Report text contains the class or subclass of the topic described, and then followed by telling the shape, parts, behaviour, etc in details.

    Kalian pasti pernah mendeskripsikan sesuatu, bisa berupa hewan, tumbuhan, benda, dan hal lain secara umum. Contoh nyata jika ada turis asing yang meminta kalian menjelaskan tentang karakteristik orang Indonesia, kalian pasti akan mendeskripsikan orang Indonesia secara umum bukan mendeskripsikan diri kamu sendiri tentunya. Atau dalam pelajaran Biologi, kalian biasanya mempelajari karakteristik hewan secara umum, baik itu kelasnya (classification) hingga mempelajari sifat-sifat hewan tersebut secara detail (description).

    Dalam bahasa Indonesia kita mengenal teks deskripsi. Namun dalam pelajaran bahasa Inggris teks deskripsi dibedakan menjadi dua bagian, yaitu descriptive dan report.

    Yang harus diingat adalah Report adalah jenis teks yang mendeskripsikan sesuatu secara umum. Beda dengan Descriptive yang mendeskripsikan sesuatu secara spesifik atau tertentu (alias cuma satu). Contoh: Ada dua teks tentang komputer yaitu “Computer” dan “My Own Computer”, kalau dilihat dari judulnya kedua teks tersebut beda jenis teksnya: Computer (Umum; jenis teksnya Report); My own computer (Khusus, kan cuma komputer saya, makanya jenis teksnya Descriptive).

    For example:

    For many years, many people believed that the cleverest animals after man were the chimpanzees. Now, however, there is proof that dolphins may be even cleverer than these big apes.

    Although a dolphin lives in the sea it is not a fish. It is a mammal. It is in many ways, therefore, like a human being.

    Dolphins have a simple language. They are able to talk to one another. It may be possible for man to learn how to talk to dolphins. But this will not be easy because dolphins cannot hear the kind of sounds man can make. If man wants to talk to dolphins, therefore, he will have to make a third language which both he and the dolphins can understand.

    Dolphins are also very friendly toward man. They often follow ships. There are many stories about dolphins guiding ships through difficult and dangerous water.

    Text di atas menjelaskan tentang dolphin secara umum. Di paragraf kedua tercantum jelas bahwa dolphin belongs to mammal. Ini menjelaskan bahwa dophin termasuk ke dalam kelas mamalia. Di paragraf ketiga dan selanjutnya menjelaskan tentang kebiasaan dari dolphin secara umum.

    Contoh lain:

    A razor is a tool which is found in nearly every bathroom. A man who has thick hair on his face may have to shave twice a day. It is a habit which can be dangerous. For many years, a razor was a handle with a long piece of steel which was sharp and flat at one end. These razors had a long open blade.

    But today’s razors are safer and more convenient to use. The thing which makes today’s razor safe is that the blade is small thin sharp piece of steel. The person who invented razor blades was a man called King Gillette. He was a clever man who had many ideas for new inventions. He wanted to make a blade that was safe and which could be used several times. In 1891, he invented a new type of razor blade. It was short and it was held in a special handle. The sharp edge of the blade did not stick out very far. It was a razor which was safe to use. It was more difficult to cut yourself than with the older type of razor.

    Gillette’s razor blade became popular. It was an invention which worked well and which everybody need because each blade only lasted 8 to 10 times. Gillette sold many of his new safety blades and soon became a millionaire.

    Teks di atas menceritakan tentang benda mati yaitu razor. Di paragraf awal menggambarkan tentang suatu alat berupa razor secara umum. Di paragraf berikutnya menjelaskan tentang bagian dan bentuk dari razor.

    It’s clear that both of the texts above describe things in general. Report teks biasanya kita temukan dalam buku-buku ilmiah, science khususnya.

    Social Function:

    Describe the way things are (for example: a man-made thing, animals, plants). The things must be a representative of their class.

    Text organization/Generic Structure:

    1. General classification (Introduce the topic of the report, such as: the class or the subclass)
    2. Description (tell the shape/form, parts, behaviour, habitat, way of survival)

    Language Feature:

    1. The use of general nouns
    2. The use of relating verbs
    3. The use of present tense
    4. The use of behavioral verbs

  17. Pingback: Miftaqulhuda's Blog

    • Trikz..

      You can write anything about your city.
      For example:
      Banjarmasin is located in….
      It is as big as…
      It has many beautiful beaches like …
      the people in Banjarmasin are friendly ….
      It has special food like…
      (sebut dan jelaskan segala info tentang your city)

      Absolutely, you can do it right.

  18. gd evening, mom. I’m Marcell and I’m an teacher of English in Yunior High School in Lembata, NTT. As you that these lately days are very busy days. all teachers have to prepare the new and good materials in preparing the students to face UN. My difficulty is to get the new and good material as I told before. So, can you send me one or two package in running this process? I thank you before if you want to send me. Is it possible to get yr phone number? I’ll wait your reply.

    Yours,
    Cello

    • Dear Mr. Cello,
      I’ve been trying to add more materials in my blog, you can copy all of course.
      Nice to be your friend. I’ll try to send by email.

    • Adella…
      Genre itu ya jenis atau macam-macam teks. ada teks deskripsi, narasi, eksposisi, dll.
      Satu teks bisa terdiri dari satu atau beberapa paragraf. Paragraf terdiri dari min satu kalimat atau lebih.

  19. Greet..
    I never seen that there was a blog about english comprehension..
    its first time I look this forum..
    Dear Mam / sis / ….
    may I joint to this forum to erich my knowledge, Please?..

    • A star is a massive, luminous ball of plasma held together by gravity. At the end of its lifetime, a star can also contain a proportion of degenerate matter. The nearest star to Earth is the Sun, which is the source of most of the energy on Earth. Other stars are visible from Earth during the night, most commonly appearing as a multitude of fixed luminous points, when they are not outshone by the Sun or blocked by atmospheric phenomena. Historically, the most prominent stars on the celestial sphere were grouped together into constellations and asterisms, and the brightest stars gained proper names. Extensive catalogues of stars have been assembled by astronomers, which provide standardized star designations.

      Untuk pertanyaan coba buat sendiri ya..
      Misalnya
      1. What is the nearest star from earth?
      2. What is star?

  20. assalamualaikum bund,,
    bund aku minta tolong dong buatin deskriptive text about classroom……
    bantuin ea bund,
    makasih bunda
    by: sally di kediri

    • Dear Sally..
      Kamu bisa mendeskripsikan kelas kamu sendiri.
      misalnya. My classroom is a comfortable place to study. It’s about …. m2.

    • Dear Susi,

      Here’s the example

      Carnivorous plants, such as the sundew and the Venus-flytrap, are generally found in humid areas where there is an inadequate supply of nitrogen in the soil. In order to survive, these plants have developed mechanisms to trap insects within their foliage. They have digestive fluids to obtain the necessary nitrogen from the insects.
      These plants trap the insects in a variety of ways. The sundew has sticky hair on its leaves; when an insect lands on these leaves, it gets caught up in the sticky hairs, and the leaf wraps itself around the insect.
      The leaves of the Venus-flytrap function more likely a trap, snapping suddenly and forcefully shut around an insect.

    • Kelas?
      Report itu memang menjelaskan tentang kelas, misalnya Whales belong to mammals.
      Kelas itu maksudnya classroom kah?

    • Typhus is any of several similar diseases caused by Rickettsia bacteria. The name comes from the Greek typhos (τῦφος) meaning smoky or hazy, describing the state of mind of those affected with typhus. The causative organism Rickettsia is an obligate parasite that cannot survive for long outside living cells. Typhus should not be confused with typhoid fever. While “typhoid” means “typhus-like”, the diseases are distinct and are caused by different species of bacteria.
      Typhus was also common in prisons (and in crowded conditions where lice spread easily), where it was known as gaol fever or jail fever, and often occurs when prisoners are frequently huddled together in dark, filthy rooms. Thus, “Imprisonment until the next term of court” was often equivalent to a death sentence. It was so infectious that prisoners brought before the court sometimes infected the court itself. Following the Assize held at Oxford in 1577, later deemed the Black Assize, over 300 died from epidemic typhus, including Sir Robert Bell Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer.

    • Dear Ikka..

      Versi lengkapnya bisa di cari di wikipedia ya..

      A beach is a landform along the shoreline of an ocean, sea, lake or river. It usually consists of loose particles which are often composed of rock, such as sand, gravel, shingle, pebbles or cobblestones. The particles comprising the beach are occasionally biological in origin, such as mollusc shells or coralline algae.

      Wild beaches are beaches which do not have lifeguards or trappings of modernity nearby, such as resorts, camps and hotels. They are sometimes called undeclared, undeveloped or undiscovered beaches. Wild beaches can be valued for their untouched beauty and preserved nature. They are most commonly found in less developed areas including, for example, parts of Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, Thailand, the Philippines, and Indonesia.

    • Dear Rilo W. Jati

      The domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of goat domesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. The goat is a member of the family Bovidae and is closely related to the sheep as both are in the goat-antelope subfamily Caprinae. There are over 300 distinct breeds of goat. Goats are one of the oldest domesticated species, and have been used for their milk, meat, hair, and skins over much of the world.
      Goats are considered small livestock animals, compared to bigger animals such as cattle, camels and horses, but larger than microlivestock such as poultry, rabbits, cavies, and bees. Each recognized breed of goats has specific weight ranges, which vary from over 300 lbs for bucks of larger breeds such as the Boer, to 45 to 60 lbs for smaller goat does.[8] Within each breed, different strains or bloodlines may have different recognized sizes. At the bottom of the size range are miniature breeds such as the African Pigmy, which stand 16 to 23 inches at the shoulder as adults

    • tO Rofiq.

      Here is the example of “horse”
      The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of Equus ferus, or the wild horse. It is an odd-toed ungulate mammal belonging to the taxonomic family Equidae.
      Horses’ anatomy enables them to make use of speed to escape predators and they have a well-developed sense of balance and a strong fight-or-flight instinct. Related to this need to flee from predators in the wild is an unusual trait: horses are able to sleep both standing up and lying down. Female horses, called mares, carry their young for approximately 11 months, and a young horse, called a foal, can stand and run shortly following birth. Most domesticated horses begin training under saddle or in harness between the ages of two and four. They reach full adult development by age five, and have an average lifespan of between 25 and 30 years.

    • Dear Hara,
      banyak teks tentang report mengenai benda.

      Misalnya
      Gold is a precious metal. Gold is used as ornaments or as money.
      Gold is found in many places, but in a small supply. It is often found on the surface of the earth. Since gold is a heavy substance, it is sometimes found loose on the bottom of rivers. The gold is found together with sand and rocks, and must be separated from them. It is simple to search for this type of gold.
      It is not usually necessary to drill for gold, but when a layer of gold is located deep below the surface of the earth, it is possible to drill a hole into the ground. Engineers have developed modern process for removing gold from rocks.
      Since gold is not very hard, it is sometimes melted and added to other substances for making rings, coins, and art objects. It will be priced forever because it is beautiful, rare, and useful.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s