Most people assume that life in the rat race is bad for your health. But reversing the traditional gender roles, being a house husband is a stressful business, according to the latest research by American scientist. By giving up their jobs in order to become house husbands, men increase their risk of heart attack or coronary disease by as much as 82%, according to research based on 10 year study of 2,500 people in Boston, USA.
Accoding to Dr. Elaine Eaker, the key to the problem is that some men became stressed about performing a role not traditionally assigm to them by society. Men who stays at home tend not to have the same levels of support from friends and family as women do the same.
Jack O’Sullivan, of the Father’s Direct, was quoted as saying: “Society expects the main career should be a woman and society is structured around that. Day care is called mother and toddler groups and some men feel awkward about belonging to those groups.
Professor Gary Cooper, a psychologist at the University of Manchester, said many men tend to underestimate the task of caring for a family. He said “Most men think being a house husband involves putting on a bit of washing, taking the kids to school and then putting their feet up with a cup of coffee.
They are crazy. Most men are not used to performing a variety of activities simultanously – the kind of multi-tasking which is second nature to most women.
It is estimated that men have taken over the main homemaker’s role in one in seven homes, as increasing numbers of women become the main breadwinner. The study also found that women in high-powered jobs were more likely to develop heart disease than those in more junior positions.

1. The main idea of the first paragraph is…
a. People living in the rat race tend to have heart attacks.
b. The research on house-husbands health involved 2,500 people.
c. Scientists did some research on the people’s health living in Boston.
d. House-husbands have understandable reasons why they gave up their jobs.
e. The result of the research showed that house-husbands tend to have heart attacks.

2. “some men became stressed about performing a role not traditionally assigm to them by society.” (paragraph 2)
The statement above is the result of research done by…
a. A psychologist
b. Jack O’Sullivan
c. Dr Elaine Eaker
d. An American scientist

3. Professor Gary Cooper the purpose of the text is…
a. To describe what a house husband is.
b. To persuade readers not to become a house husband.
c. To report the result of a research carried on by Dr Elaine Eaker.
d. To explain to readers why house husbands are subjects to heart attack.
e. To inform readers that 82% of house husbands suffer from heart attack.

4. Some house husbands become stressed because…
a. They are jobless
b. They earn less than their wives.
c. Most people do not respect them.
d. They do not join the daycare groups.
e. They are not used to doing house keeping.


The Importance of Reading

The importance of Reading


I personally think that reading is a very important activity in our life.  Why do I say so?  Firstly, by reading we can get a lot of knowledge about many things in the world such as Science, technology. Sports, arts, culture, etc written in either books, magazine, newspaper, etc.

Secondly, by reading we can get a lot of news and information about something happening in any parts of the world which can we see directly.

Another reason, reading can give us pleasure too.  When we are tired, we read books, newspaper or magazine on the entertainment coloumn such as comedy, short story, quiz, etc. To make us relaxed.

The last, reading can also take us to other parts of the world.  By reading a book about Irian Jaya we may feel we’re  really sitting in the jungles not at home in our rooms.

From the facts above, it’s obvious that everyone needs to read to get knowledge, information and also entertainment.  Or in summary we can say reading is truly important in our life.


1.      Why is reading very important in our life?  Because…..

a)      By reading, we can get a lot of friends, relatives, experience, etc.

b)      By reading, we can get little knowledge but a lot of entertainment.

c)      By reading, we are always relaxed.

d)      By reading, we are always happy.

e)      By reading we can get a lot of knowledge, news, information and entertainment



2.      If we want to get knowledge, what should we do?

a)      buy a lot of books

b)      borrow a lot of books

c)      look for newspaper and magazine

d)      sell and buy many expensive books

e)      Read a lot of books and other printed materials.


3.      What does the text tell us about?

a)      The description of reading

b)      The function of reading

c)      The importance of reading

d)      The disadvantages of reading

e)      The purpose of reading


4.      What is the social function of the text?

a)      To tell a story

b)      To describe the reader

c)      To entertain the reader

d)      To give information

e)      To persuade the reader


5.      Paragraph…. In the text is the thesis.

  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5



Learning English

Learning English through music and songs can be very enjoyable. You can mix pleasure with learning when you listen to a song and exploit the song as a means to your English progress. Some underlying reason can be drawn to support the idea why we use songs in language learning.

Firstly, “the song stuck in my head” Phenomenon (the echoing in our minds of the last song we heard after leaving a restaurant, shopping malls, etc) can be both enjoyable and sometimes unnerving. This phenomenon also seems to reinforce the idea that songs work on our short-and-long term memory.

Secondly, songs in general also use simple conversational language, with a lot of repetition, which is just what many learners look for sample text. The fact that they are effective makes them many times more motivating than other text. Although usually simple, some songs can be quite complex syntactically, lexically and poetically, and can be analyzed in the same way as any other literary sample.  

Furthermore, song can be appropriated by listener for their own purpose. Most pop songs and probably many other types don’t have precise people, place or time reference.

In addition, songs are relaxing. They provide variety and fun, and encourage harmony within oneself and within one group. Little wonder they are important tools in sustaining culture, religion, patriotism and yeas, even revolution.

Last but not least, there are many learning activities we can do with songs such as studying grammar, practicing selective listening comprehension, translating songs, learning vocabulary, spelling and culture.

From the elaboration above, it can be concluded that learning through music and songs, learning English can be enjoyable and fun.


1.      The type of the text above is …

a)      Analytical exposition

b)      Hortatory exposition

c)      Narrative

d)      Discussion

e)      Explanation


2.      What is the communicative purpose of the text?

a)      To tell the reader about the songs

b)      To entertain the reader with the songs

c)      To show the reader the use of songs

d)      To explain above the songs

e)      To persuade the reader to use songs in learning language


3.      The generic structures of the text are ….

a)      Thesis – arguments – recommendation

b)      General statement – sequential explanation

c)      Newsworthy events – background events – sources

d)      Thesis – arguments – reiteration

e)      General statement – arguments


4.      What is the text about ….

a)      Learning songs

b)      Very enjoyable music

c)      The phenomenon

d)      Music listeners

e)      Using songs in language learning


5.      Based on the text, there are …… reason for using songs in learning language

a)      6

b)      4

c)      5

d)      3

e)      2


6.      They provide variety and fun, and encourage harmony within oneself and within one group.”

The underlined word refers to ….

a)      Groups

b)      Learners

c)      People

d)      Songs

e)      Activities


Smoking in Restaurant

Smoking in restaurants is just not on.  It must not be allowed because it is rude, harmful to others and dangerous for the smokers.

Firstly, smoking in a restaurant is impolite.  The smell of the smoke affects all people and can turn them off their food.  People pay to taste good food and not to be put off by foul smelling smoke.

Another reason smoking should not be allowed in restaurant is the harm it can do to others.  Passive smoking that is breathing in smoke made by a smoker can lead to asthma attacks and even cancer.

Finally, smoking is dangerous and a health risk to the smokers.  Cigarettes cause heart and lung disease and people should not smoke anywhere, not just in restaurants.

Therefore, smoking in restaurants is impolite, harmful to others and a health risk to the smokers and should not be allowed in any restaurants.


1.      Smoking in the restaurants must be avoided because……

a)      It is harmful to others

b)      It is impolite

c)      It’s dangerous to the smokers

d)      It can cause hearth and lung disease

e)      All answers are correct


2.      We have many reasons to say that smoking must be avoided.  The word reasons mean…..

a)      conclusion

b)      point of view

c)      argument

d)      reinforcement

e)      statement


3.      Since we can find a thesis, arguments and reiteration in the text, so we can conclude that this text belongs to…..

a)      description

b)      narration

c)      anecdote

d)      procedure

e)      analytical exposition


4.      What is the purpose of the text?

a)      To inform the readers to the readers

b)      To persuade to the readers

c)      To describe to the readers

d)      To tell a story to the readers

e)      To argue about smoking to the readers


5.      The synonym of the word dangerous in the text is……

a)      rude

b)      impolite

c)      health risk

d)      harmful

e)      disease


6.      Smoking in restaurants is just not on.  It must not be allowed because it is rude, harmful to others and dangerous for the smokers.

The sentence above characterize as….. of the text.

a)      thesis

b)      arguments

c)      reiteration

d)      topic sentence

e)      supporting details


7.      Smoking in restaurant should not be allowed.  It means that…..

a)      people should do smoking in restaurant

b)      people should not  do smoking in restaurant

c)      people must not smoking in restaurant

d)      people must not smoke in restaurant

e)      people should smoke in restaurant


Dust Bin

To improve comfort and cleanliness at our school, a number of dust bins should be increased.


When we look at classrooms, school corridors and school yard, there are paper mineral water cups, straws, and napkins here and there.  The condition of uncleanliness and discomfort really hinders learning and teaching environment. Litters thrown carelessly cause disease, especially empty plastic cup or glasses.  They can be filled out with water coming from the rain.  This can be placed for dengue mosquitoes to spread out.  Besides, these rubbish can deteriorate the scene.  Well painted wall and green school yard do not mean anything litters are scattered everywhere.

Anyway I notice that most of the students in our school have responsibilities for the school environment.  They put their litters on the proper places.  But some are not diligent enough to find the dust bins.  The numbers of dust binds in our schools are not enough.   Ore dust bins should be put beside each of steps, outside of the classrooms, and some more also the corridors.  Probably one dust bin should be in every ten meters.  So when students want to throw away their litters, they can find the dust bins easily.

When school is equipped with sufficient dust bins, we do not have problems of freak and discomfort any more.  Our school will be very clean and become a nice place to study.


1.      What is the writer’s intention?  To ….. readers to do something good.

a)      inform

b)      explain

c)      describe

d)      entertain

e)      persuade


2.      According to the writer, more dust bins….. in every ten meters.

a)      should be decorated

b)      should be painted

c)      should be placed

d)      are unnecessary

e)      are not required


3.      What is the writer’s argument on a sufficient number of dust bins?

a)      They can prevent litters

b)      They can save janitor’s energy

c)      Students are asked to clean them

d)      They make school environment neat

e)      Students can throw garbage away easily


4.      What is the writer’s suggestion?

a)      To buy more dustbins

b)      To hire more gardeners

c)      To use dustbins efficiently

d)      To ask parents to give more dustbins

e)      To ask students to clean the school yard