Adoption

ADOPTION

Adoption is the process by which people take a child who was not born to them and raise him or her as a member of their family. By law, adopted children differ from foster children. An adopted child has all the legal rights of a member of the family that raises him or her. A foster child does not.
Parents place their children up for adoptions for many reasons. Some parents feel they cannot adequately care for their off springs because of health or economic conditions. Some others, especially unwed parent, may not want to raise a child.
But there are couples who cannot have children of their own. Adoption gives them opportunity to raise a family. They can get one from an adoption agency if they have all the requirements asked.
State laws prohibited adoption agencies from revealing the identity of the natural parents to the adoptive parents. These laws also forbid agencies from disclosing the identity of the adoptive parents to the natural parents. In some states, the law permits adopted persons who are at least 18 years old to see their birth certificates including the natural parents’ names.
On the contrary, many adopted people worked to change the laws. They argued that people have a right to know their identity. They said that keeping secret their adoptions records violate their right.
On the other hand, many people feel adoption records should be kept secret. If not, natural parents might change their minds years later and take the child away from the parents who raised him or her.
Some experts advise that a child should know of the adoptions by the age of 6 or 7. Surveys have shown that most adopted children develop normally.

Which of the following is not the reason why parents place their child up for adoption?
a. He or she is from a poor family.
b. His or her parents do not love them.
c. His or her parents are not in good health.
d. His or her parents do not want to raise him/her.
e. His or her parents cannot afford to give good education.

An adoptive child has no right …
a. To receive inheritance
b. To get adequate love and care
c. To know his/her adoption record
d. To live with his/her natural parents
e. To be well treated as member of a family

The writer’s purpose in writing the text above is…
a. To tell readers how to adopt a child
b. To describe people who adopt a child
c. To explain to readers how an adopted child raised
d. To persuade people to have a foster or to adopt a child
e. To inform readers the reasons and problems of adopting a child

Which of the following is the most improbable reason why adopted children want to have/know their adopted records?
a. They want to know their natural parents.
b. They want to know why they are adopted.
c. They want to know their status in adoptive parents.
d. They want to pay back their adoptive parents expenditure.
e. They want to know their parents place them up for adoption.

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Nuclear Power 2

Nuclear power is generated by using uranium, which is a metal mined in various parts of the world. The first large-scale nuclear power station was opened at Calder Hall in Cumbria, England, in 1956.
Some military ships and submarines have nuclear power plant for engines. Nuclear power produces around 11% of the world’s energy needed, and produces huge amounts of energy. It causes no pollution as you’d get when burning fossil fuels.
The advantages of nuclear are as follows:
1. It costs about the same as coal, so it’s not expensive to make
2. It doesn’t produce smoke or carbon dioxide, so it doesn’t contribute to the greenhouse effect.
3. It produces huge amounts of energy from small amount of uranium.
4. It produces small amounts of waste.
5. It is reliable
On the other hand, nuclear power is very, very dangerous. It must be sealed up and buried for many years to allow the radioactivity to die away. Furthermore, although it is reliable, a lot of money has to be spent on safety because if it does go wrong, a nuclear accident can be a major disaster.
People are increasingly concerned about this. In the 1990’s nuclear power was the fastest growing source of power in many parts of the world. In 2005, it was the 2nd slowest-growing.

1. The text discusses …..
A. Nuclear in general
B. Nuclear biggest station
C. The danger of radioactive
D. The disadvantages of nuclear power
E. The advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power

2. The opposite of dangerous is …….(paragraph 4)
A. Vile
B. Dull
C. Tiny
D. Calm
E. Safe

3. Why is nuclear power very dangerous?
A. Its radioactivity lasts long
B. Uranium is renewable
C. It is reliable
D. It is cheap
E. It is safe

4. Which statement is TRUE about nuclear?
A. It is reliable
B. It is costly to make
C. It causes air pollution
D. It affects the greenhouse
E. It produces small amounts of energy

Nuclear Power

Nuclear power seems in some ways much cleaner than other sources of energy. Take oil or coal as an example. When they are used in power stations, a great deal of smoke is produced. The smoke contains a great deal of acid. Even if the smoke is cleaned by filters, a lot of the acid still escapes into the air. This can be carried by clouds from power stations in England to Scandinavia. When it rains there, the acid comes down with the rain. As a result, the fish in lakes and trees in forests begin to die.
But many people are still against nuclear power. They believe that the problem is not just the danger of the accident in the atomic power stations. Highly radioactive material is used. Radioactivity can cause cancer and other illnesses. Only a part of the material is used. The rest-called waste-is just as radioactive. Although it is still highly dangerous, this radioactive waste is often thrown into the sea. Nobody can be certain what will happen to it there. Only one thing is certain. It will be highly dangerous for at least 240.000 years!

What is mainly discuss in the text?
a. The acid rain
b. An alternative energy
c. An atomic power station
d. Highly radioactive material
e. The advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power

The main idea of paragraph 2 is that ……
a. Nuclear power is very dangerous
b. Radioactivity may cause some diseases
c. Radioactive material is highly dangerous for man’s life
d. Many people disagree with the use of nuclear energy
e. Radioactive waste will be highly dangerous for at least 240.000 years

All of the following statements are true EXCEPT ………
a. Acid rain makes plants fertile
b. The smoke produced by the burning coal contains a lot of acid
c. Nuclear power may cause some health problems
d. People should be aware of the danger of radioactive waste
e. When oil or coal is burned, it produces some smoke.

The underlined word in paragraph 2 means …..
a. locate
b. exist
c. come
d. occur
e last

Should Performance enhancing drugs be accepted in sports?

Should Performance enhancing drugs be accepted in sports?

The issue of using drugs to enhance athlete’s performance is controversial . those who agree to the use of drugs in enhancing performance say that most top players in all sports take drugs to train haarder and feel no pain during play. The trainers, sports doctors, nutritionists, physiotherapists and managers of the big names make sure banned substances are taken at the safest and most efficient levels. The main effect of banning such substances has returned performers and their coaches into liars and cheaters.
On the other hand, some still believe that performance enhancing drugs in sport sould be beanned. Performance enhancing drugs are not only prohibited because they violate the spirit of sport but becausethey can damage the health of athletes.
I think the idea of allowing them in sports could lead to a situation whereby spostsmen and women are used as hman guinea pigs for a constant flow of new, unregulated substances.

What argument is given by those eho disagree with the use of performance enhancing drugs?
a. Athletes health is badly effected.
b. Gunea pigs are awfully needed.
c. Athletes consume more drugs.
d. Athletes obey the rules.
e. Athletes perform better.
According to the proponents of proponents of performance enhancing drugs, the effect of banning them is that performers become…
a. Losers
b. Winners
c. Cheaters
d. Hooligans
e. Supporters
What is the writer’s intention to write the text?
a. To persuade readers to aggree with the issue.
b. To influence readers to oppose the issue.
c. To describe performance enhancing drugs.
d. To entertain readers with the issue.
e. To expose readers with the issue.
How does the writer feel about the performance enhancing drugs?
a. Neutral
b. Positive
c. Negative
d. Indefinite
e. Pessimistic

Muslim’s Headscarf

Muslim’s Headscarf

The right to freedom of religion is enshrined in the UN charter and considered by many to be a basic human right. Some religions require special diet, others prayer at specific times. Why should a religious mode of dress receive as much protection as these other aspects of religious freedom?
Many Muslim women view the veil as a means to protect their modesty and privacy. Just as we would not force any women to be seen in public in her underwear if she did not feel comfortable doing so, why should a woman be forced to show her hair if she does not want to? Modesty is a personal judgment call; some are comfortable in the smallest bikini while others prefer a lot more clothing. No one but the woman herself should make that decision.
Muslim women are not the only ones to feel coerced over their mode of dress. Most people are affected by the societal norms surrounding them. Fashion trends could be seen in exactly the same light as religious traditions.
Banning head coverings is only likely to provoke a more extreme reaction among highly religious communities. Framing laws to ban only Islamic forms of dress could be considered an attack on one religion. Feeling under attack could cause the Islamic community to close off into itself. They could set up religious schools where their children can dress as they want them to and not mix with children from other faiths. These effects could never be good for the integration of society and would further the influence of extremists. Internationally, the perceived attack on Islamic values would inflame wider Muslim opinion, feed conspiracy theories and add to the dangerous feeling that there is a clash of civilizations.
Intolerant schools make up problems as an excuse for not allowing Muslims freedom of religious expression. In a multicultural society, students should be aware of the different religious practise and cultural traditions of their classmates, and be taught to understand and respect these. Without such respect, Muslims and other groups with distinctive dress, such as Orthodox Jews and Sikhs, will be driven out of mainstream education and forced to educate their children separately, which will really create divisions and alienation.
Based on the above discussion, the government should not banned Muslim’s headscarf as a part of school or office uniforms.
Adapted from http://www.wikipedia.com

1. What does the text discuss?
a. Muslim students
b. Muslim boarding school
c. Muslim life
d. Muslim headscarf
e. Muslim community

2. What is Muslim women’s view on the veil?
a. It is an obstacle of their freedom.
b. It is to protect their modesty and privacy.
c. It is a fashion trend among them.
d. They feel being forced to wear it.
e. It is what their parents told them to wear.

3. Paragraph 4 tells us that banning on Muslim headscarf could …
a. arouse social conflict among social communities.
b. maintain solidarity among social communities.
c. provoke a more extreme reaction among highly religious communities
d. teach students social awareness.
e. make Muslim women loose their identity.

4. “Intolerant schools make up problems as an excuse for not allowing Muslims freedom of religious expression” (paragraph 5)
The sentence implies…
a. Muslims freedom of religious expression may cause problems.
b. Many social conflicts arouse because of Muslims freedom of religious expression.
c. Schools should not be tolerant to any freedom of religious expression.
d. Schools are allowed to ban Muslim headscarf because it may cause problems.
e. Schools should not ban Muslims freedom of religious expression on any reason.

5. What does the writer suggest?
a. Schools should not be tolerant to any freedom of religious expression.
b. Students should know various social groups among the society.
c. The government should ban Muslims headscarf because it may arouse conflicts.
d. Muslim’s headscarf as a part of school or office uniforms should not be banned.
e. Schools are allowed to ban Muslim headscarf because it may arouse many problems.

6. The word “veil” in paragraph 2 has similar meaning to …
a. helmet
b. glove
c. headscarf
d. napkin
e. sock

Living in a big city

Living in a big city has both advantages and disadvantages
On the plus side, it is often easier to find work, and there is usually a choice of public transport, so you don’t need to own a car. Also, there are a lot of interesting to do and places to see.
For example, you can eat in good restaurants, visit the museums, and go to the theater and to concerts. What is more, when you want to relax, you can usually find a park where you can feed the ducks or just sit on a park bench and read a book. All in all, city life is full of bustle and variety and you need never feel bored.
However, for every plus there is a minus. For one thing, you might have a job, but unless it is very well paid, you will not be able to afford many of the things that there are to do, because living in a big city is often very expensive.
It is particularly difficult to find good, cheap accommodation. What is more, public transport is sometimes crowded and dirty, particularly in the rush hour, and even the parks can become very crowded, especially on Sundays when it seems that every city dweller is looking for some open space and green grass. Last of all, despite all the crowds, it is still possible to feel very lonely in a city.
In conclusion, I think that city life can be particularly appealing to young people, who like the excitement of the city and don’t mind the noise and pollution. However, many people, when they get older, and particularly when they have young children, often prefer the peace and fresh air of the countryside.

1.What is the suitable title of the text above?
a.Living in a big city
b.Advantage of living in a big city
c.Disadvantage of living in a big city
d.The positive effect of living in a big city
e.The danger of living in a big city

2.What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
a.a choice of public transport
b.living without having a car
c.a lot of interesting things to do
d.a side effect of living in a big city
e.advantages of living in a big city

3.What is the advantage of living in a big city?
a.It is often easy to find work
b.It is not expensive to fulfill daily needs
c.There are not any interesting things to do
d.It is not difficult to find good accommodation
e.There are not noise and pollution affecting people’s life

4.“In conclusion, I think that city life can be particularly appealing to young people, who like the excitement of the city and don’t mind the noise and pollution.” (Paragraph 6)
The underlined word means…
a.eye catching
b.attractive
c.beautiful
d.wonderful
e.lunatic

Balancing High School and Part-Time Work

Balancing High School and Part-Time Work

You have to consider a number of factors when deciding whether or not to get a job. The important thing is to arm yourself with as much information as possible, so you can figure out what choice makes the most sense for you.
If you are considering working part-time, schedule a meeting with your school counselor to discuss this move. Talk to your counsellor about why you want to work and what type of position you’re seeking. Simply explaining your goals to someone else can help you make decisions and figure out your priorities.
Schoolwork, including homework and studying for tests, should always be your top priority. “The activities and courses students choose vary considerably, so it’s important for young people to keep their individual situations clearly in mind,” says Brad MacGowan, director of the Career Centre at Newton North High School in Massachusetts. Further, MacGowan cautions students who do decide to work: “If you are rushing through your assignment or not studying enough for tests because of work, it’s time to cut back or quit and find a less time-consuming job.” He adds, “Students should always let their employers know what their time limits are.” If you are being pressured to work more hours than you can handle, you need to find a new place to work. You also need to make sure that a job won’t prevent you from getting enough rest.
Adapted from: http://www.collegeboard.com

1. What should a student do first when considering working part time?
a. Schedule a meeting with the employer of the job.
b. Discuss with the school counsellor.
c. Schedule a meeting with the school principal.
d. Discuss with your friends.
e. Schedule a meeting and discuss with the class.

2. What does Brad MacGowan do?
a. Brad MacGowan is a student who takes part time job.
b. Brad MacGowan is the director of the Career Centre at Newton North High School.
c. Brad MacGowan is the school counsellor of Newton North High School in Massachusetts.
d. Brad MacGowan is the employer of some students at Newton North High School.
e. Brad MacGowan is the principal at Newton North High School in Massachusetts.

3. What does the word “it” in paragraph 3 refer to?
a. student
b. individual situation
c. young people
d. to keep to individual situations clearly in mind
e. to keep to individual situations clearly in mind is important.

4. What does Brad MacGowan suggest when students don’t have enough time to study?
a. Quit and find a less time-consuming job.
b. Talk to the employer.
c. Discuss with the school counsellor.
d. Keep doing both working while studying.
e. Sue the employer for the compensation.

Bus way

Governor Sutiyoso has launched his mass rapid transportation plan. This includes monorail, subway, water transportation, and Busway. Among the public transportation plan, Busway has been put into effect. The air conditioned bus fleet with their special roads have been operated since last year. Now, more routes are being constructed to cover the five mayoralties. In fact, the existence of Busway makes pros and cons.
Some people consider Busway can solve a traffic problem faced by the metropolitan city. Everyday millions of people commute from their houses to their respective work places. This badly needs adequate public transportation. If fifty persons go to their offices by cars, they need fifty cars roaming on the street. This number of cars can be replaced by only one Busway. Consequently, with reduced vehicles the streets are less congested. Therefore, it can decline traffic jams. Apart from reducing traffic jams, Busway easies Jakarta inhabitants to go to their workplace or other destination. For this reason more access on Busway is being accomplished. Other Busway roads have been constructed, such as, Kota-Kalideres and Kota-Pulogadung. This definitely make easier for people who go for recreation to the zoo.
Besides reducing traffic jam and comforting passengers, Busway can minimize air pollution. As stated, Busway can replace other vehicles in a great number. It apparently declines the danger of pollution. Less vehicles means less carbon monoxide coming out from the exhausted fumes. As a result, the residents of Jakarta are less threatened with sickness caused by air pollution. And if Busway administration can manage the public transport well, Busway can create a new icon of Jakarta.
Those who resist the exsistence of Busway argue that instead of solving problem, Busway create a new problem. Busway even makes traffic worse. The Busway line makes the roads narrower. Narrow roads cause passing vehicles to get stuck especially during rush hours. Furthermore, Busway adds up corruption that has become a vicious circle in this country. As reported in a newspaper the purchase of Busway fleet is under corruption suspect. Billions of rupiah are believed to have been put into the city administrator’s pocket. In terms of the expense, Busway fare is also much expensive than an ordinary bus. It costs Rp 3.500,. for one ride, while the common bus only costs Rp 2.000,. With the difference in bus fare, it is likely that passengers prefer to ride ordinary buses.
Apparently, Busway still creates different outlooks among the residents of Jakarta. In spite of all the critics, the governor of Jakarta firmly continues to extend its routes.

1. What does the text discuss?
A. The benefits of Busway
B. The existence of Busway
C. The weakness of Busway
D. People who oppose Busway
E. People who support Busway

2. In paragraph two, people mainly talk about ….
A. Busway is comfortable
B. Taking a public transport is easy
C. Millions of people drive their cars
D. More Busway roads are being constructed
E. Busway benefits the city’s residents

3. What is the argument of people who are against Busway?
A. Busway fare is twice as much as that of ordinary bus
B. Busway pollutes the capital city
C. Busway is not air conditioned
D. Busway is uncomfortable
E. Busway makes roads narrower

4. Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the text?
A. More Busway roads are constructed
B. Busway makes the street less congested
C. The governor is unsure about the development of Busway
D. The city needs sufficient public transportation
E. Busway can replace many cars to transport passengers

5. The underlined word in paragraph 1 means …..
A. dirty
B. smelly
C. slippery
D. polluted
E. crowded

the school’s new rule

Two students were discussing the school’s new rule that all the students must wear a cap and a tie. One of them showed her annoyance. She said that wearing a cap and a tie was only suitable for a flag ceremony. So, she was against the rule. Contrary to the girl’s opinion, the other student was glad with it. He said that he didn’t mind with the new rule because wearing a cap and a tie will make the students look great and like real educated persons. The first student gave the reasons that they would feel uncomfortable and hot. Moreover, the classrooms were not air conditioned. The second said it wasn’t a big problem. He was sure that the students would wear them proudly. They would surely be used to it any way.

1. The two students are discussing ……
a. the facilities in school
b. their homework
c. their uniform
d. their friends
e. their family

2. The boy said that he agreed with the new rule in his school.
Which statement shows his agreement?
a. He was not annoyed
b. He would not obey the rule
c. He didn’t care of the rule
d. He didn’t like wearing a cap and a tie
e. He didn’t mind wearing a cap and a tie

3. The boy believed that all students would ……
a. have a high spirit to study
b. solve their own problems
c. care for their environment
d. follow the new rule
e. feel uncomfortable

4. “One of them showed her annoyance ……” ( line 2)
The underlined word is close in meaning to …..
a. responsibility
b. displeasure
c. agreement
d. applause
e. response

Death penalty

Death penalty for serious criminals has been discussed by our experts. Those who agree say that death penalty will scare the criminals off. However, those who disagree say that it is inhuman not effective and we can not correct the wrong sentence after the criminals die.
In Switzerland, this penalty does not exist. Most people argue that the possibility of making the wrong decision is always there although it is true that spending life behind the bars is not easy either. Also every person should have a chance for rehabilitation. In this way he or she can start all over again in another life style.
Those argue that there is no use to feed the terrorists in prison with their money. When they get out, they will create a lot of troubles by blackmailing and killing people. So, who says that jails will stop them from being guys?
My own opinion is divided. On the one hand, I want to be humane, and on the other hand, I wonder if those people are worthy of feeling.

1. The text mainly discusses …..
A. The death penalty controversy
B. The punishment in our country
C. The death penalty in Switzerland
D. Those who support death penalty
E. Those who are against death penalty

2. Which of the following is NOT the reason for those who are against death penalty?
A. Death penalty is inhuman
B. Death penalty is on effective
C. There’s possibility of misjudgment
D. It is harder to live behind bars than to die
E. Every person should have a chance for rehabilitation

3. What is the writer opinion about death penalty?
A. He is not able to decide
B. He is against death penalty
C. He agrees with death penalty
D. Death penalty is worthwhile punishment
E. The criminals deserve to receive the benefit of humane feeling

4. “However those who disagree say that it is inhuman, not effective and we can not correct the wrong sentence after the criminals die”. (paragraph 1)
The underlined word can be replaced by ….
A. fine
B. thought
C. command
D. statement
E. punishment