The pharmacist’s medication mistakes

Berikut ini contoh soal dan kunci jawaban soal News Item dari soal UN 2013.

NEW YORK, Half of all heart patients made at least one medication related mistake after leaving the hospital, and guidance from a pharmacist didn’t seem reduce those errors. In a new study.
Consequences of mistakes such as forgetting to take certain drugs or taking the wrong dose can range from side effects like constipation to more serious drops it. blood pressure. Two percents of errors were life-threatening.
Not all of the problems, however. were the fault of the patients. Some may have resulted from medication side effects or other factors beyond the patients‟ control.
Hospitals involved in the study were already taking steps to prevent medication mistakes In addition to the extra pharmacist intervention, said Dr. Sunil Kripalani, the study’s lead author hem the Vanderbilt University Medical Centre In Nashville. Tennessee.
“We were surprised to see that in spite of these efforts, that 50 percent (of patients) were still having these medication errors,” he told Reuters health.
Charles Darwin was greatly influenced by the geologist Adam Sedgwick and naturalist John Henslow in his development of the theory of natural selection, which was to become the foundation concept supporting the theory of evolution. darwin „s theory holds that environmental effect lead to varying degrees of reproductive success in individuals and groups of organisms. Natural selection tends to promote adaption in organisms when necessary for survival. This revolutionary theory was published in 1859 in Darwin‟s now famous On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.
Although the pharmacist visit didn’t help the average patient, he added, certain ones seemed to benefit such as patients who were on multiple drugs or had trouble understanding health information.
As for traditionally lower risk patients, said other strategies to prevent errors may be needed.
-Reuters-

1. What does the text tell us about?
a. The patient’s medication errors
b. The hospital’s medical treatments
c. The doctor’s medical treatment
d. The uncontrolled medical treatment
e. The pharmacist’s medication mistakes

2. What is the effect of medication errors?
a. Bleeding on heart
b. Health information
c. Problem in healing
d. Life—long time
e. Life –threatening

3. “… and guidance from a pharmacist didn’t seem to reduce those errors ….” (part 1) The underlined word Is closest In meaning to ….
a. Improve
b. Upgrade
c. Decrease
d. Degrade
e. Increase

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By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in News Item

Tourist Boats Collided in Thailand

Tourist Boats Collided in Thailand, 42 Injured

Thailand: Forty-two passengers were injured and two were missing after two boats carrying Thai and foreign tourists collided in the popular island beach party, police said Sunday.
The speedboats were ferrying tourists to the Pha-Ngan island for a “fullmoon” party, a monthly event that attracts thousands of young, mostly western tourists.
Provincial police officer, Adipong Tapee said of the 42 travelers injured, 39 were hospitalized including four Britons, four Australians and four Singaporeans. Also among them were Irish, Norwegian, Malaysian and Thai tourists, he said.
The boats collided and overturned before midnight Saturday, throwing the passengers into the rough sea water just off the island, the website of The Nation newspaper said.

8. We know from the text that…
a. The boat carried forty two passengers
b. The accident happened not far from Pha-Ngan
c. The two missing passengers were westerners
d. The passengers were mostly foreign tourists
e. The boats collided on the way back to Pha-Ngan island

9. What had possibly caused the accident?
a. A careless captain
b. Too many passengers on board
c. There were too many boats
d. A rough weather
e. The boats were speeding

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in News Item

Growth Rate of Indonesian Smokers

A survey has found about 13 percent of first-time smokers in the country are junior high school students. It also revealed 89 percent of young female employees were smokers. The survey was conducted in five major cities across the country, including Surakarta in Central Java.
Muhammad Syahril Mansyur, the Surakarta Health Agency’s respiratory illness division, said that the finding of the survey showed an alarming growth rate of Indonesian smokers. “This situation is a cause for concern,” he said. “It appears the country’s younger generation is uneducated about the health risks of smoking.”
The Indonesian anti-tobacco campaign has reportedly been deemed as ineffective as the government refuses to sign the international convention on tobacco control. It said that cigarette producers contributed to a large amount to state revenue and gave jobs to thousands of workers.

1. What is the text about?
a. Growing number of junior high school smoking students
b. Surveying towards junior high school smoking students
c. Finding the danger of smoking in Central Java
d. Preventing junior high school smoking students
e. Indonesian anti-tobacco campaign

2. What did the finding of the survey reveal?
a. 13 percent of the first-time smokers
b. 89 percent of young female employees
c. The danger of smoking for junior high students
d. An alarming growth rate of Indonesian smokers
e. The effectiveness of the survey conducted in Central Java

3. “It said that cigarette producers contributed to a large amount to state revenue and gave jobs to thousands of workers.” (Paragraph 3)
The word “revenue” has the same meaning as…
a. Advantage
b. Product
c. Income
d. Yield
e. Value

4. Why was the Indonesian anti-tobacco campaign considered ineffective?
a. A lot of teenagers and adult people have been active smokers
b. The cigarette producers affected young teenagers to be smokers.
c. The cigarette producers caused a lot of the health risks of smoking.
d. The government does not support the Indonesian anti-tobacco campaign.
e. The cigarette producers provided a lot of revenue and jobs to thousands of employees.

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in News Item

Phil Young

BUILDER Phil Young is celebrating a very special anniversary today – it is exactly one year since he was operated on at St Bartholomew’s hospital and given a new heart.
Mr. Young, 47, of Tottenham, is now so full of energy that he is training to play in a charity football match to raise money for the hospital’s transplant programme. So far eleven people have been given new hearts.
Mr. Young wants to help others like himself. In 1990 he was seriously ill with heart disease. He couldn’t work, he couldn’t climb the stairs, and he had two young sons to look after.
Now the boys are helping to train their father for the ball match. “My boss is very pleased that I am so fit again,” said Mr. Young. “I have become a real father to them again. We don’t just play football – we go jogging and swimming and play snooker together. I hope more people will help by the hospital, as I was.

The text is about ……
a.Phil Young, a man with a new heart
b.a real father with his two sons
c.Phil Young’s special anniversary
d.Phil’s activity after having been given a new heart
e.A charity football match for the hospital’s transplant programme

Paragraph 3 mainly discusses about …….
a.a charity football match
b.the hospital’s transplant programme
c.new hearts for eleven people
d.Tottenham, Mr. Young’s football club
e.Mr. Young’s activity before a charity football match

Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE about Phil Young according to the text?
a.Phil Young had a heart disease in 1990
b.He wants to help the hospital’s transplant programme
c.He is very energetic now
d.He is a football trainer for the charity
e.He has two sons

“My boss is very pleased that I am so fit again ….” (Paragraph 4)
The underlined word means ……
a.strong
b.healthy
c.excited
d.courageous
e.powerful

All of the followings are Mr. Young’s activities, EXCEPT …..
a.He plays football for a charity football match
b.He trains to play in a charity football match
c.He raises money for the hospital’s transplant programme
d.He gave new hearts for eleven people
e.He goes jogging, swimming and playing snooker with his sons

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in News Item

100 million rupiah

An Indonesian businessman plans to throw 100 million rupiah (US$10,600) out of an airplane over the capital this Sunday as a publicity stunt to promote his new book.
“I want to create a rain of money in Jakarta,” author and motivator speaker Tung Desem Waringin said, “It’s a little bit crazy, but it’s marketing.”
Police spokesman Col I Ketut Untung said authorities may not allow the plan to go forward because it could draw huge crowds and cause chaos.
Ten of millions of Indonesians live on less than US$1 a day and food and aid giveaways always draw large numbers.
The 42-year-old Tung said instead of opting for regular advertising for his book, he came up with an idea that “will make people happy.”

‘Giveaways’ in line 8 has the same meaning as ….
A.Information
B.Money
C.Idea
D.Charity
E.Marketing

It can be inferred from the text that …..
A.Tung Desem Waringin is crazy
B.Many Indonesians are still poor
C.Tung Desem Waringin’s plan is common advertising campaign
D.Tung Desem waringin is permitted to realize his advertising plan
E.Many Indonesians will not like Tung Desem Waringin’s plan

What is the main reason why the authorities might refuse Tung Desem Waringin’s plan?
A.It is expensive
B.It is dangerous
C.It is difficult
D.It is crazy
E.It is unbelievable

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in News Item

China Denies Island Dispute, Seeks Talks

 

BEIJING (AFP): China denied yesterday that any dispute existed between itself and Indonesia over the South China Sea’s Natuna Island, but said it was willing to hold talks with Jakarta to settle demarcation.

There is no dispute between China and Indonesia on possession of the Natuna Islands,’ said foreign ministry spokesman Chen Jian when asked about reports of growing concerns in Jakarta over Chinese interest in a gas-rich zone near the archipelago.

“We’re willing to hold talks with the Indonesian side to settle demarcation of this area.”  Chen added, without elaborating.  China is one of the six nations which claims all or part of the Spratly Island in the South China Sea and its interpretation of that claim includes part of the large Indonesian maritime zone of Natuna, between Borneo and the Malaysian Peninsula.  United States oil giant Exxon signed a contract in November with the Indonesia state owned firm Pertamina to exploit a natural gas field, 250 kilometres northeast of Natuna, in a zone apparently claimed by China.

China has lodged no official protest over the deal.   Indonesia has sent a diplomatic note to Beijing expressing its condemn the moment it found out that the latest Chinese official map showed Natuna as within dotted line of its boundary.

 

1.      The denial of having no dispute between China and Indonesia by the China’s side is found in paragraph……

a)      1

b)      2

c)       3

d)      4

e)      5

 

2.      From the text we know that the Natuna islands are…….

a)      Rich in gas

b)      In China zone

c)      Only claimed by China

d)      Claimed by Indonesia

e)      Settled demarcation zone

 

3.      Indonesia has sent a diplomatic note to Beijing expressing its concern the moment….(paragraph 6).

The underlined word means……

a)something that is important to somebody

b)      something who did the negotiation

c) something that is expensive to buy

d)      something to be cared for

e)something to be shown off

 

4.      …..in the South China Sea and its interpretation of that claim.(paragraph 4).The underlined word refers to…..

a)      China

b)      Natuna

c)       China Sea

d)      Spratly Island

e)      South China Sea

 

5.      Which statement is not true according to the text?

a)      Natuna is claimed by China

b)      China denies that there is no dispute

c)       The dispute is about Natuna Island

d)      Chen Jian is the foreign Minister of China

e)      China and Indonesia are willing to talk about Natuna

 

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in News Item

Supervisor

SINGAPORE: A supervisor was jailed for two months for repeatedly striking his Indonesian maid on the head and back with a television remote.

Muhammad Shafiq Woon Abdullah was brought to court in Singapore because he had physically hurt the woman on several occasions between June and October 2002, the Straits Time said.

The magistrate’s court heard that Shafiq, 31, began striking Winarti, 22, about a month after she started working for him.

He hit her on the head with the TV sets remote control because he was unhappy with her work. On the occasion, he punched her on the back after accusing her of daydreaming.

S.S. Dhillon, Shafiq’s lawyer, said that his client had become mad when he saw his daughter’s face covered as she was lying in bed. He said his client thought the maid had put the child in danger.

 

 1. The text reported ……

a. the arrest of a supervisor

b. the working condition in Singapore

c. the Indonesian workers’ condition in Singapore

d. an Indonesian worker in Singapore

e. A crime by a Singaporean supervisor towards his maid

 

 2.  Which one of the following statements is TRUE according to the text?

a. A supervisor was put in jail for two years

b. The supervisor gave many kinds of jobs to the maid

c. The maid has been working for him for two months

d. Winarti struck the supervisor with a remote control

e. The supervisor hit his maid’s head with the TV set’s remote control

 

 3.  “….. he physically the hurt woman …..” ( Paragraph 2)

     The underlined word is close in meaning to ……

a.  cut

b.  injured

c.  offended

d.  punished

e.  damaged

 

 4.  Why did Shafiq punch Winarti on her back?

      She was accused of ……

a.  talking much time for herself

b.  not working properly

c.  working carelessly

d.  daydreaming

e.  being lazy

 

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in News Item

Yogya Reports Rise in Dengue

 

Yogyakarta:  Two chidren in Yogyakarta died of dengue fever at Sardjito Hospital Monday, raising to 12 the number of deaths caused by the disease in the last four moths.  “They were very ill when they arrived.  We did our best.”  The head of the hospital’s pediatric ward, Ida Safitri, said on Tuesday.

 

Sadjito spokesman Trisno Heru Nigroho said there had been a significant increase in the number of dengue fever patients at the hospital in recent months.  In January, 69 patients were treated at the hospital, 88 in February and 102 in March.

 

1. What kind of text is it?

a)      descriptive

b)      narrative

c)      news item

d)      report

e)      anecdote

 

2. What’s the purpose of the text?

a)      To amuse the reader

b)      To inform the reader

c)      To entertain the reader

d)      To persuade the reader

e)      To describe the reader

 

3. What caused the death of two children in Yogyakarta based on the news?

a)      yellow fever

b)      dengue fever

c)      an unidentified illness

d)      a harmless illness

e)      a serious illness

 

4. How is the total victims caused by that disease?

a)      10 people

b)      12 people

c)      14 people

d)      15 people

e)      16 people

 

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in News Item

Collision

Seven people were killed in a collision between a bus, a car and a truck on Jalan Sultan at 10:35 p.m. last night. The dead were all passengers of the car. The police believed the car had been trying to overtake the bus when it was struck by a truck coming from the opposite direction. The driver of the car might not be using his lights, as the truck driver said he did not see the car approaching.

The police said the car should not have tried to pass the bus, since overtaking is not allowed on Jalan Sultan. In addition, the police reported that the car, a small Japanese car, should not have been carrying more than five people. If the passengers had brought their identity cards, the police would have identified the names of the victims easily.

 

 1. The text mainly reports that there was/were …….

a. a car accident

b. careless drivers

c. a small Japanese car

d. victims of an accident

e. the function of an identity card

 

 2. What was the cause the collision?

a. The truck came from the opposite direction

b. The car carried more than five people

c. The truck driver didn’t use his lights

d. The truck driver didn’t see the car

e. The truck driver was sleepy

 

 3.  “If the passengers had brought their identity card, the police would have been easily to identify the names of the victims.”

      The sentence above means …….

a. the victim’s names were not known

b. the victims were easy to be identified

c. the passengers brought their identity cards

d. the police had no difficulty in identifying the victims

e. it was easy for the police to identify the victims of the accident

 

 4. Who said that the accident was caused by the car?

a. The police

b. The victims

c. The reporter

d. The truck driver

e. The bus passengers

 

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in News Item

Bush, Clinton to Visit Tsunami Areas

 

WASHINGTON:  Former US presidents Bill Clinton and Goerge Bush – the current president’s father – will visit tsunami – affected countries of South and Southeast Asia later this month, White House Speaker announced Friday.

Clinton and Bush, whom president Goerge Walker Bush last month put in charge of efforts to raise private US aid for nations devastated by December’s Indian Ocean tsunamis, will lead a presidential delegation to Indonesia, Sri Langka, Thailand and the Maldives, the White House said in a statement.

They will visit region from February 19 – 21, the statement added.

Clinton and Bush regularly appear on television advertisements requesting donations for the hundred of thousands made homeless by the earthquake – triggered tsunamis.

(taken from the Jakarta Post, Saturady Feb, 5, 2005)

 

1.      A : From what newspaper the news is read?

B : It’s from

a)      the Jawa Pos

b)      the Indonesian Times

c)      the Washington Post

d)      the Jakarta Post

e)      the Strait Times

 

2.      A : How long will they visit the region?

B : They will visit the region for …..

a)      two days

b)      three days

c)      four days

d)      five days

e)      a week

 

3.      A : What did Mr Clinton and Mr. Bush do to raise the donation for tsunami victims?

B : They …..

a)      appear on television advertisements requesting help

b)      appear on television advertisements requesting homeless people to build their house

c)      appear on television advertisements requesting the government of Indonesia to help the victims

d)      appear on television advertisements requesting White House to help the victims

e)      appear on television advertisements requesting donations

 

4.      A : From what sources did the journalist of the newspaper take the news?

B : It was taken from…..

a)      Bill Clinton

b)      Goerge Bush

c)      White House speaker

d)      Indonesia government

e)      Sri Langka government

 

5.      A : What countries will they visit?

B : They will visit…..

a)      Indonesia, Sri Langka, Thailand, Maldives, and White House

b)      Indonesia, Sri Langka,  Maldives, and White House

c)      Indonesia, Thailand, Maldives, and the White House

d)      Indonesia, Sri Langka, Thailand, and the Maldives

e)      Indonesia, Sri Langka, Thailand, and White House

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in News Item