Alfred Bernhard Nobel

Alfred Bernhard Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, and ornament manufacturer. He was the inventor of dynamite. He also owned Bofors, which he had redirected from its previous role as primarily an iron and steel producer to a major manufacturer of cannons and other ornaments. He held 355 different patents, dynamite being the most famous. In his last will, he used his enormous fortune to institute the Nobel Prizes. The synthetic element nobelium was named after him. He was the third son of Immanuel Nobel and Andriette Ahlsell Nobel. Born in Stckholm on 21 October 1833, he went with my family to Saint Petersburg in 1842, where his father invented modern plywood. He studied chemistry with Professor Nikolay Nickolaevich Zinin. When he was 18, he went to the United States to study chemistry for four years and worked for a short period under John Ericsson, who designed the American Civil War ironclad USS Monitor.
Returning to Sweden, with his father after bankruptcy of his family business, he then devoted himself to the study of explosives, and especially to the save manufacture and use of nitroglycerine (discovered in 1847 by Acanio Sobrero, one of his fellow students under Theophile-Jules Pelouze at the University of Turin. A big explosion occurred on 2 September 1864 at his factory in Heleneborg in Stockholm, killing five people. Among them was his younger brother, Emil.
The foundations of the Nobel Prize were laid in 1895 when Alfred Nobel wrote his last will, leaving much of his wealth for its establishment. Since 1901, the prize has honoured men and women for outstanding achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and for work in peace.

10. Where did Alfred Nobel work with John Ericsson?
a. In Sweden
b. In the USA
c. In Stockholm
d. In Heleneborg
e. In Saint Petersburg

11. What is the main idea of paragraph 2?
a. Alfred Nobel devoted himself to the study of chemistry
b. His success with explosive finally led to the 1864 tragedy
c. A big explosion in Heleneborg in Stockholm killed many people
d. A big explosion destroyed his factory in Heleneborg Stockholm
e. Alfred Nobel planned the safe manufacture and use of nitroglycerine

12. What was Bofor’s main business under Alfred Nobel?
a. It manufactured cannons and other ornaments
b. It designed the ironclad monitor
c. It produced iron and steel
d. It produced dynamite
e. It invented nobelium

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Recount

a great weekend

Rahman, my roommate, and I had a great weekend. Last Saturday we got up early and had a big breakfast. Then we took the bus to go downtown and went to an art museum. The museum opened at nine o’clock and we stayed there all morning.
We saw some beautiful paintings. We had a guide who explained everything to us. I liked all the art, but Ryan didn’t like the modern art very much. I bought copies of two paintings. I’m going to put them on the wall of my bedroom.
At one o’clock, we were hungry so we had lunch at the museum cafeteria. After lunch, we took a walk in the park near the museum. We went home at five o’clock. We were very tired, but we had a good time. On Sunday we stayed home and studied.

What did the writer and his roommate do last weekend?
a. They had a big dinner.
b. They went to an art museum.
c. They watched people painting.
d. They worked part time as a guide.
e. They worked part time in a cafeteria.

The main idea of the second paragraph is…
a. The museum only displayed modern art.
b. A guide accompanied the visitors.
c. The writer liked all the art displayed at the museum.
d. The guide helped visitors to buy the paintings displayed.
e. Rahman and his roommate liked all the beautiful paintings at the museum.

Which of the following you don’t agree with about Rahman?
a. Rahman liked all the art displayed.
b. Rahman was the writer’s roommate.
c. Rahman and the writer had a great weekend.
d. Rahman and the writer went to an art museum.
e. Rahman and the writer had lunch at the museum cafeteria.

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Recount

It happened on Sunday morning a few days ago. When I was about to have my routine cup of coffee along with a bagel, I realized that I did not have any bread at all. I have to admit that I am unable to enjoy coffee without some kind of baked goods.
Then I decided to run out to buy something, but all the stores were closed, but one. That store did not have any fresh pastries, and I ended up buying four slices of wheat bread. I was frustrated for two reasons: firstly, I couldn’t enjoy drinking my coffee on Sunday morning; and secondly, the sales woman charged me $3.00 for four slices of bread!
Next, I returned to the building where I live on the tenth floor, stepped into the elevator, pushed the button, and got out. When I reached my apartment and tried to unlock the door, I could not turn the key. I made a few attempts without success. I started banging on the door hoping to wake up my daughter. I was not successful at that either.
I can’t explain how it crossed my mind to check the number of the apartment. The apartment number was correct, except for the first digit: the apartment was on the ninth floor, but the tenth. I was shocked to realize that I had been banging on somebody else’s door.
I still muse over what might have happened if somebody had opened the door and what he or she would have said to me at 8:00 am on Sunday morning.

What is the purpose of the author in writing the text?
A.To tell about her ruined Sunday morning routine
B.To tell about the expensive price of the bread she bought at a local store
C.To tell about her mistake in finding her apartment
D.To show how angry she was for not being able to enter her apartment
E.To show how embarrassed she was for banging on somebody else’s door

When she went to the store, she intended to buy …..
A.Wheat bread
C.Fresh fruit
D.Fresh pastries

Why couldn’t she unlock the door of her apartment?
A.She took the wrong key
B.Her apartment door was broken
C.Her daughter locked the door from the inside
D.It was not her apartment
E.She forgot to bring the key

She experienced a series of events that had ruined her Sunday morning, EXCEPT ….
A.There was not any baked goods to enjoy with her coffee
B.She had to pay more for the bread
C.She could find what she wanted in the store
D.Even though she had banged on the door, her daughter did not wake up
E.She realized that she had mistakenly tried to enter an apartment that was not hers

What would have probably happened if the owner of the apartment had woken up?
A.She/he would help her find her apartment
B.She/he would be so angry at her
C.She/he would offer he a cup of coffee
D.She/he would call her daughter to pick her up
E.She/he would do nothing

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Recount

Our trip to the Blue Mountain


            On Friday, we went to the Blue Mountain.  We stayed at David and Della’s house.  It has a big garden with lots of colorful flowers and tennis court.

            On Saturday, we saw the Three Sisters and we went on the scenic railway.  It was scary.  Then, Mom and I went shopping with Della.  We went to some antique shops and I tried on some old hats.  On Sunday, we went on the scenic Skyway and it rocked.  We saw cockatoos having shower.

            In the afternoon, we went home.


1.      The text above belongs to……

a)      narrative

b)      report

c)      news item

d)      spoof

e)      recount


2.      How many days did they take their trip?

a)      six days

b)      five days

c)      four days

d)      three days

e)      two days


3.      Whose trip is actually stated in the text?

a)      The writer and his/her mother

b)      The writer and the reader

c)      The writer and David

d)      The writer and Della

e)      The writer and his/her mother, and Della


4.      When did they go home?

a)      on Friday afternoon

b)      on Saturday afternoon

c)      on Sunday afternoon

d)      on Friday afternoon

e)      on Saturday morning


5.      “Our trip to the Blue Mountain”

The underlined word has the same meaning as…..

a)      gift

b)      journey

c)      experience

d)      mission

e)      desire


By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Recount

Ball Dome

Last night our family went to Ball Dome to watch the Kings play the Shooters.

When we got to the stadium, an usher showed us our seats. Just as we sat down the band played the national anthem so we stood.

After the anthem both teams entered the court. As they did, the cheerleaders waved their steamers.

Next, the referee placed his whistle in his mouth and signaled the start of the play. The game was so hot that the supporters of the two teams yelled out their chants every time a player scored the point.

In the end, the Shooters won and our family was happy that both teams had given their best.


1.      The main idea of the text is ……

a.       The Kings and the Shooters

b.       The family outing

c.       The good game of basket ball

d.       The cheerleaders and their chants

e.       The wise referee


2.      As they did ………. (Paragraph 3). The word ‘they’ refers to …….

a.       the cheerleaders

b.       their streamers

c.       the anthem

d.       both teams

e.       Kings and Shooters


3.      The type of the text above is a …….

a.       Description

b.       Narrative

c.       Report

d.       News item

e.       Recount


4.      The text organization/generic structure of the text contains ……..

a.       orientation – events – reorientation

b.       orientation – complication – resolution – reorientation

c.       identification – description

d.       general classification – description

e.       orientation – complication – reorientation


5.      The purpose of the text is ……..

a.       to tell someone how to do or make something

b.       to tell what happened

c.       to entertain the reader

d.       to teach or to inform the reader

e.       to extend the reader’s imagination



By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Recount

My Day at the Beach

Last week my friend and I were bored after three weeks of holidays, so we rode our bikes to Smith Beach, which is only five kilometres from where I live.  When we arrived at the beach, we were surprised to see there was hardly anyone there.  After having a quick dip in the ocean, which was really cold, we realized one reason there were not many people there.  It was also quite windy.

After we bought some hot chips at the takeaway store nearby, we rode our bikes down the beach for a while, on the hard, damp part of the sand.  We had the wind behind us and, before we knew it, we were many miles down the beach.  Before we made the long trip back, we decided to paddle our feet in the water for a while, and then sit down for a rest.  While we were sitting on the beach, just chatting, it suddenly dawned on us that all the way back, we would be riding into the strong wind.

When we finally made it back home, we were both totally exhausted!  But we learned some good lessons that day.


1. What is the purpose of the text above?

a)      Retell experience for the purpose of entertaining

b)      Retell events for the purpose of informing or entertaining

c)      Retell events for the purpose of persuading

d)      Retell events for the purpose of explaining

e)      Retell events for the purpose of research


2. When did the writer go to the beach?

a)      Yesterday

b)      Last week

c)      Three weeks of holidays

d)      Now

e)      Then


3. What is the name of the beach?

a)      John

b)      Brown

c)      Alpha

d)      Omaha

e)      Smith


4. Which is not true based on the story?

a)      The writer and his friends went to the beach because they were boring

b)      They bought some hot chips

c)      It needed to ride about 5 kilometres to reach the beach

d)      They were facing windy road

e)      Many people were at the beach when they got there


5. Who are the participants in the story?

a)      The readers

b)      The people

c)      The hot chips

d)      Smith

e)      The writer and his friends


6. How did the story end?

a)      Embarrassing

b)      Annoying

c)      Sad

d)      Happy

e)      Funny


7. How is the generic structure of recount?

a)      Orientation-events-evaluation

b)      Twist-events-reorientation

c)      Orientation-twist-reorientation

d)      Orientation-events-reorientation

e)      Goal-materials-steps


8. Which of the following word belongs to temporal sequence?

a)      Arrived at

b)      Three weeks

c)      Hot chips

d)      After

e)      Was

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Recount


                On Wednesday, my students and I went to Jogjakarta. We stayed at Dirgahayu Hotel which is not far from Malioboro. On Thursday, we visited the temples in Prambanan. There are three big temples, the Brahmana, Syiwa, and Wisnu temples. They are really amazing. We visited only Brahma and Syiwa temples, because Wisnu temple was being renovated. On Friday morning, we went to Jogja Kraton. We spent about two hours there. We were lucky because we were led by a smart and friendly guide. Then we continued our journey to Borobudur. We arrived there at four p.m. At 5 p.m. we heard announcement that Borobudur gate would be closed. In the evening we left for Jakarta by Wisata bus.


1.      The text mainly discusses ……

a.       the writer’s trip to jogjakarta

b.       the writer’s first visit to Prambanan

c.       the writer’s impression about the guide

d.       the writer’s experience at Jogja Kraton

e.       the writer’s impression about Borobudur


2.      Which temple was being renovated?

a.       Syiwa

b.       Wisnu

c.       Brahma

d.       Borobudur

e.       Syiwa and Wisnu


3.      Which of the following statements is TRUE?

a.       The writer and the students went to Jogjakarta for having a


b.       The writer went to Borobudur first and then to Kraton

c.       The writer was very disappointed with the guide

d.       Malioboro is very far from Dirgahayu Hotel

e.       The writer left for Jakarta on Friday

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Recount