Laptop

A laptop is a kind of computer unit which has the same function as a PC (Personal Computer), but it is smaller, lighter and of different sizes. Nowadays, most people choose laptops for several reasons.
A laptop is a portable device. This portability is very helpful for our work, study and other activities. We do not need complicated cable installations to activate a laptop, and with a laptop, we can do our work anytime anywhere.
Moreover, a laptop allows us to access the internet in public places which provide free access called hot spot areas. Some people like to use this facility to carry out their tasks.
Finally, a laptop consumes energy more efficiently than a PC does. This device uses a rechargeable battery as a source of electric energy. So if we prefer using a laptop, it means that we support the government program to save energy.
That’s why a laptop has become very popular recently.

21. A public place where we can have free access to the internet is a/an…
a. Free access
b. Hot spot
c. Internet installation
d. Laptop facility
e. Hot spot area

22. A laptop has become very popular because…
a. It is portable
b. It allows us to access internet
c. It gives several benefits to the user
d. It doesn’t need complicated cable installation
e. We can do our work with it anytime anywhere

23. From the text we know that…
a. A laptop is usually more expensive than a PC
b. More people like a laptop better than PC
c. More people like a PC better than a laptop
d. For a mobile person a laptop is more handy than a PC
e. A laptop is cheaper now than it was before

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By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Report

Remote Sensing

Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon, without making physical contact with the object. In modern usage, the term generally refers to the use of aerial sensor technology to detect and classify objects on Earth (both on the surface, and in the atmosphere and ocean) by means of propagated signals (e.g. electromagnetic radiation emitted from aircraft or satellites).
There are two main types or remote sensing: passive remote sensing and active remote sensing. Passive sensors detect natural radiation that is emitted or reflected by the objects or surrounding area being observed. Reflected sunlight is the most common source of radiation measured by passive censors. Examples of passive remote sensors include film photography, infra-red, charge-coupled devices, and radiometers. Active collection, on the other hand, emits energy in order to scan objects and areas whereupon a sensor then detects and measures the radiation that is reflected or backscattered from the target. RADAR and LIDAr are examples of active remote sensing where the time delay between emission and return is measured, stabilizing the location, height, speed and direction of an object.

15. From the text we know that remote sensing…
a. Is a way to obtain information about an object or phenomenon
b. Does not difficult to do
c. Makes physical contact with the object
d. Does not make use of censors
e. Does not make use propagated signals

16. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
a. Active sensing is better than passive sensing
b. The energy in sunlight is important for remote sensing
c. Passive sensing is not as strong as active sensing
d. The source of energy radiated for sensing determines whether it is the active or passive type
e. Active remote sensing and passive remote sensing are equally useful for the development of knowledge and technology

17. Based on the text we can say that…
a. Remote sensing is expensive technology
b. Remote sensing is useful for transportation
c. We can apply the technology to study animals
d. Medical science can be improved through remote sensing
e. Remote sensing make it possible to collect information of an object in a dangerous area

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Report

Antibiotics

Antibiotic is a drug produced by certain microbes. Antibiotics destroy other microbes that damage human tissues. They are used to treat a wide variety of diseases, including gonorrhea, tonsillitis and tubercolosis. Antibiotics are sometimes called ‘wonder drugs’ because they can cure diseases such as meningitis, pneumonia and scarlet fever. But when the antibiotics are overused, or misused, these drugs make a person sensitive being attacked by a superbug.
Antibiotics do not always distingusih between harmless and dangerous microbes. If a drug destroys too many harmless micro-organism, the pathogenic ones the dangerous microbeswill have a greater chance to multiply. This situation often leads to the development of a new infection called suprainfection.
Extensive use of some antibiotics may be acquired by pathogenic microbes. The resistant microbes transfer genetic material to non-resistant microbes are destroyed, but resistant types survive and multiply.
To avoid the side effect of antibiotics, you’d better not urge your doctor to prescribe antibiotics. Keep in mind that antibiotics are only useful for bacterial infections and have no effect on viruses, so they cannot be used for children pox, measles, and other viral diseases.

Which diseases cannot be cured by antibiotics?
a. Tonsillitis
b. Meningitis
c. Chicken pox
d. Tuberculosis
e. Scarlet fever

What are discussed in paragraph two and four?
a. Both paragraphs describe how antibiotics work.
b. Both paragraphs tell about the effects of misusing antibiotics.
c. Both paragraphs explain how antibiotics damage organs and tissue.
d. Paragraph two tells what causes the pathogenic microbes multiply and paragraph four tells how un-resistant microbes become resistant.
e. Paragraph two tells how antibiotics destroy harmless microbes and paragraph four describes how the pathogenic microbes transfer genetic material to non-resistant microbes.

Choose one from the following which is not the effect of using antibiotics improperly?
a. Organs and tissues are damaged.
b. The pathogenic microbes multiply.
c. Harmless micro-organism are destroyed.
d. Pathogenic microbes become non-resistant.
e. New infection which is called suprainfention develops.

Antibiotics do not always distingusih between harmless and dangerous microbes.” (paragraph 2)
The underlined word means…
a. Vary
b. Compare
c. Correlate
d. Contradict
e. Differentiate

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Report

The Houses of the Toraja

The Houses of the Toraja
The ethnic groups in the mountain regions of southwest and central Sulawasi (Celebes) are known by the name of Toraja, which has come to mean “those who live upstream” or “those who live in the mountains”. Their name is in fact derived from the word Raja, which in Sanskrit means “king”. The society is hierarchically structured: the noblemen are called rengnge, the ordinary people to makaka, and the slaves to kaunan; birth determines which rank a person will occupy.
The distinctive features of the traditional houses (tongkonan) of the Toraja are the “buffalo horns”, the roof design and the rich decoration on the walls. The buffalo is a symbol of status, courage, strength and fighting spirit.
Designed as a rpresentation of the universe, the tongkonan is constructed in three parts: the upper world (the roof), the world of humans (the middle of the building), and the underworld (the space under the floor). The highly distinctive roofs constructed by Toraja have given rise to various ingenious interpretations. Certainly the roof is something of deep significance for the Toraja, and even today they bulid “modern” (in other words houses bulit with cement) houses with such roofs.
What is the text about?
a. The culture of Toraja
b. The society of Toraja
c. The distinctive features of traditional houses
d. The decription of a traditional houses of Toraja
e. The ethnic groups of southwest and central Sulawesi
“… and even today they bulid modern…” (paragraph 3)
The underlined word refers to…
a. Raja
b. Rengreng
c. Society
d. Toraja people
e. Mountain regions
What arethe ordinary people commonly called?
a. Tongkonan
b. Makaka
c. Celebes
d. Rengreng
e. Kaunan
Which of the following does not symbolyze a buffalo?
a. Status
b. Courage
c. Strength
d. Cowardice
e. Fighting Spirit

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Report

Blueberries, cranberries, and huckleberries

Blueberries, cranberries, and huckleberries-like dark skinned bunch grapes-contain resveratrol, a potential anticancer agent. That’s a new finding from preliminary data from ARS collaborative studies with Rutgers University-New Jersey and AgCanada, Kentville, Nova Scotia. Resveratrol protects dark-skinned bunch grapes from fungal diseases and provides health benefits to consumers, including protection from cardiovascular disease. The compound’s anticancer potential warranted its examination in other fruits.
Using gas chromatographic and mass spectrometric procedures, the scientists measured the resveratrol content of 30 whole fruit samples of blueberry, cranberry, huckleberry, and related plants representing 5 families and 10 species of Vaccinium fruit. They found that several samples contained varying amounts of the compound. Analysis of extracts of the skin, juice/pulp, and seed of muscadine grapes showed that its concentration in fruit skin was highest. Levels in the juice/pulp were much lower than in either skin or seeds. Researchers are continuing to analyze more Vaccinium and muscadine samples. Future research goals will include enhancing production of resveratrol in selected species.

What does the second paragraph talk about?
a. More Vaccinium and muscadine will be analyzed.
b. Researches plan to produce resveratrol in large scale.
c. Several samples contains various amount of resveratrol.
d. The experiment showed that resveratrol is mostly concentrated in the fruit skin.
e. The experiment analyzes 30 fruit samples of blueberry, cranberry and huckleberry.

How many fruit samples are used in the research?
a. 3
b. 5
c. 10
d. 25
e. 30

What is the purpose of the text?
a. To tell kinds of fruits
b. To describe some fruits
c. To persuade people to keep health
d. To inform the importance of research on fruits
e. To report the result of a research on certain fruits

We can conclude that the research will be…
a. Stopped
b. Continued
c. Postponed
d. Carried out
e. Minimized

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Report

The Tasmanian devil

The Tasmanian devil is a marsupial – an animal that feeds and carries its young in a pouch. It lives only in Tasmania and was called a devil by the early European settlers because of its fierce appearance and loud screeching.
The devil is the same size as a small dog. It has a large head, a stocky body and a short, thick tail. While the fur is mostly black, there are often white markings on the back and chest. Because the devil is a nocturnal animal (it is active at night), it spends the days in the dense bush and hunts for food after dark.
While it can catch prey the size of a small wallaby the devil often feeds on the bodies of dead sheep and cows from farms. Its very powerful jaws and teeth enable it to eat bones and fur as well as the meat. Farmers are pleased that devils stop the spread of disease by removing the rotting bodies of dead animals. Groups of devils eat together from the same carcass – body of a dead animal – and they are such noisy eaters that they can be heard for several kilometers.
Devils breed in March and the young are born in April. While more are born, only two or three babies survive to live in their mother’s pouch for four months. They move with their mother into a whole or a hollow log until they are ready to live on their own in the bush at the end of December. Devils live until they are seven or eight years old.
Recently adult devils have been affected by cancer. This begins with lumps around the mouth and spreads to the face and neck. Scientists are studying the cancers so they can find out the cause and save the devil population in Tasmania.

Which of the following animals is categorized as marsupial?
A.Crocodile
B.Sheep
C.Cow
D.Kangaroo
E.Lion

Which of the following statements is NOT true about the devils?
A.They rest during the day
B.They are wild animals
C.They are large in size
D.Their population is threatened
E.They can eat dead animal from farms

What is the topic of the passage?
A.The habits of Tasmanian devil
B.The population of Tasmanian devil
C.The life pattern of Tasmanian devil
D.The Tasmanian devil
E.The breeding of Tasmanian devil

Where can a young devil live independently?
A.At the age of seven or eight years
B.At the age of four months
C.In March
D.In April
E.In December

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Report

Gold

Gold is a precious metal. Gold is used as ornaments or as money.

Gold is found in many places, but in a small supply. It is often found on the surface of the earth. Since gold is a heavy substance, it is sometimes found loose on the bottom of rivers. The gold is found together with sand and rocks, and must be separated from them. It is simple to search for this type of gold.

It is not usually necessary to drill for gold, but when a layer of gold is located deep below the surface of the earth, it is possible to drill a hole into the ground. Engineers have developed modern process for removing gold from rocks.

Since gold is not very hard, it is sometimes melted and added to other substances for making rings, coins, and art objects. It will be priced forever because it is beautiful, rare, and useful.

1. The best title of the text above is …..

a. Gold

b. Type of Gold

c. Previous Metal

d. Rare Ornaments

e. Removing Gold from Rocks

2. The following are associated with gold, EXCEPT …..

a. useful

b. precious

c. beautiful

d. expensive

e. unnecessary

3. The text above is mainly intended to …. about gold.

a. discuss

b. classify

c. describe

d. elaborate

e. document

4. “It will be priced forever because….” (Paragraph 4)

The underlined word means ……

a. valuable

b. worthless

c. interesting

d. wonderful

e. eye catching

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Report

sea horse

Many people imagine the sea-horse to be real horse living in the sea. This is not true at all. The sea-horse is so called because it is a tiny creature with a horse – liked head which lives in the sea.

Sea – horse are found mostly in warm seas. They have a long, flexible tail which is used for wrapping around weeds for support. They swim I upright position, their movements being helped by a rapidly oscillating fin on their back. The male sea – horse lays her eggs in this pouch.

The most remarkable thing about the sea – horse is that part of the process of reproduction is taken over by the male creature. One the female sea – horse has laid her eggs in the male creature’s pouch, she leaves. The hatching of the egg is done by the male fish.

Mating begins with the male and the female sea – horses doing courtship dance. The male and female creatures swim around each other in circles. At the end of the dance, the male appears to bow to its partner; but in actually, the male is banding to pump water from his pouch. Next, the female fish lays eggs into the male’s pouch. About two hundred eggs are laid. The pouch, then close up. The female sea-horse now swims away, leaving the male sea-horse to do hatching.

The eggs are hatched about a month later. The young sea-horses are ejected from the male creature’s pouch by means of muscular contractions.

The sea – horse feeds on tiny fish the creatures sucking them into its month.

1. What is the purpose of the text?

a. to inform readers the sea – horse’s process of reproduction

b. to persuade readers to breed the sea – horse

c. to explain how to bread the sea – horse

d. to describe a particular sea – horse

e. to describe a particular sea horse

2. What do you think about the sea horse’s reproduction process?

a. Amazing

b. Exciting

c. Peculiar

d. Strange

e. Unique

3. The male sea horse has a pouch in its abdomen to ….

  1. hatch the eggs
  2. feed the baby sea horse
  3. eject the young sea horses
  4. keep some food for its babies
  5. pump water from its abdomen
By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Report

sea-horse

Many people imagine the sea-horse to be real horse living in the sea. This is not true at all. The sea-horse is so called because it is a tiny creature with a horse – liked head which lives in the sea.

Sea – horse are found mostly in warm seas. They have a long, flexible tail which is used for wrapping around weeds for support. They swim I upright position, their movements being helped by a rapidly oscillating fin on their back. The male sea – horse lays her eggs in this pouch.

The most remarkable thing about the sea – horse is that part of the process of reproduction is taken over by the male creature. One the female sea – horse has laid her eggs in the male creature’s pouch, she leaves. The hatching of the egg is done by the male fish.

Mating begins with the male and the female sea – horses doing courtship dance. The male and female creatures swim around each other in circles. At the end of the dance, the male appears to bow to its partner; but in actually, the male is banding to pump water from his pouch. Next, the female fish lays eggs into the male’s pouch. About two hundred eggs are laid. The pouch, then close up. The female sea-horse now swims away, leaving the male sea-horse to do hatching.

The eggs are hatched about a month later. The young sea-horses are ejected from the male creature’s pouch by means of muscular contractions.

The sea – horse feeds on tiny fish the creatures sucking them into its month.

1. What is the purpose of the text?

a. to inform readers the sea – horse’s process of reproduction

b. to persuade readers to breed the sea – horse

c. to explain how to bread the sea – horse

d. to describe a particular sea – horse

e. to describe a particular sea horse

2. What do you think about the sea horse’s reproduction process?

a. Amazing

b. Exciting

c. Peculiar

d. Strange

e. Unique

3. The male sea horse has a pouch in its abdomen to ….

  1. hatch the eggs
  2. feed the baby sea horse
  3. eject the young sea horses
  4. keep some food for its babies
  5. pump water from its abdomen

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Report

Forests

Forests are very important for their products. They are also important to keep the soil fertile and to prevent flood. The fallen leaves and decayed plants become humus which makes the soil rich and holds the rainwater.

For many years, people have not been obeying the government’s regulations. They have been cutting down the forest trees carelessly. As a result, thousands of hectares of land have become worse and the rivers will be full of mud. In the wet season there will be erosion and floods which will destroy the farm lands and villages.

1. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?

A. Rivers are full of mud

B. Lands becomes infertile

C. Floods destroy villages

D. Erosions have cause floods

E. Deforestation has caused a lot of destruction

2. The following statements are the advantages of forests mentioned in the text, EXCEPT ……….

A. they keep the soil fertile

B. they prevent flood

C. they produce humus

D. they hold rainwater

E. they produce fresh air

3. Humus is made from …….

A. fertile soil

B. brown leaves

C. the root of a tree

D. a kind of artificial fertilizer

E. decayed plants and leaves

4.”They are also very important to keep the soil fertile and to prevent flood.” (Paragraph 1). The underlined word is synonymous to ……

A. cause

B. move

C. hinder

D. change

E. produce

By Ely Wulandari Maulana Posted in Report