Analytical VS Hortatory Exposition

Dear students…..

Bingung cara membedakan teks analytical exposition dan hortatory exposition? Don’t worry it’s so easy. Study the followings ya…

Sebelum kita mengetahui perbedaan teks analytical dan hortatory, mari kita mengenal persamaan dari kedua teks ini. Teks exposition dibagi menjadi dua bagian yaitu analytical exposition dan hortatory exposition. Exposition adalah jenis teks yang berisi tentang argumen-argumen tentang suatu topik. Dalam menulis teks ini, penulis perlu mencari sumber informasi agar argumen yang dikemukakan cukup kuat untuk mempengaruhi pembaca atau pendengar.
Dalam kehidupan sehari-hari kita bisa menemukan teks exposition dalam diskusi, pidato, iklan, surat, dsb. Contohnya, ada seorang teman yang merokok, kita bisa saja memberikan pendapat kita bahwa merokok itu tidak baik. So the thesis is “Smoking is not good for your health”. Kemudian kita akan memberikan alasan-alasan mengapa merokok itu tidak baik, so we tell the arguments that support our thesis. The social function of exposition is to persuade the reader or listener.

So the difference is…..
Study the text organization of analytical exposition below.
Ada 3 tahapan dalam teks analytical, yaitu:

  1. Thesis, berisi tentang suatu pernyataan tentang permasalahan tertentu. Biasanya diawali dengan kalimat I personally think, In my opinion, I believe, dll.
  2. Arguments, berisi tentang alasan-alasan untuk medukung Thesis yang dikemukakan. Diawali dengan kata, atau f rase First, Second, Furthermore, In addition, The last, dll.
  3. Reiteration, berisi tentang simpulan dari Thesis, dan Arguments yang dikemukakan. Kata-kata yang digunakan biasanya In my conclusion, Based on the arguments above, dll

Perbedaan Analytical Exposition dan Hortatory Exposition terletak di paragraf terakhir. Dalam penulisan Hortatory juga ada 3 bagian, yaitu:

  1. Thesis, berisi tentang suatu pernyataan tentang permasalahan tertentu. Biasanya diawali dengan kalimat I personally think, In my opinion, I believe, dll.
  2. Arguments, berisi tentang alasan-alasan untuk medukung Thesis yang dikemukakan. Diawali dengan kata, atau f rase First, Second, Furthermore, In addition, The last, dll.
  3. Recommendation, berisi tentang saran dari penulis atas Thesis dan Arguments yang dikemukakan. Biasanya ada kata-kata should, should not, ought to, ought not to, dll.

For example:

Text 1
Smoking in restaurants

Smoking in restaurants is just not on. It must not be allowed because it is rude, harmful to others and dangerous for the smokers.
Firstly, smoking in a restaurant is impolite. The smell of the smoke affects all people and can turn them off their food. People pay to taste good food and not to be put off by foul smelling smoke.
Another reason smoking should not be allowed in restaurant is the harm it can do to others. Passive smoking that is breathing in smoke made by a smoker can lead to asthma attacks and even cancer.
Finally, smoking is dangerous and a health risk to the smokers. Cigarettes cause heart and lung disease and people should not smoke anywhere, not just in restaurants.
Therefore, smoking in restaurants is impolite, harmful to others and a health risk to the smokers and should not be allowed in any restaurants.

Text 2
Is it important to know what your kids are watching? Of course yes. Television can expose things you have tried to protect them from, especially violence, pornography, consumerism, etc.
A study demonstrated that spending too much time on watching TV during the day or bedtime often causes bedtime disruption, stress, and short of sleep duration.
Another research found that there is a significant relationship between the amount of time spent for watching television during adolescence and early adulthood, and the possibility of being aggressive.
Meanwhile, many studies have identified a relationship between kids who watch TV a lot and being inactive and overweight.
Considering some facts mentioned above, protect your children with the following tips:
1. Limit television viewing to 1 – 2 hours each day
2. Do not allow your children to have a TV set in their bedrooms
3. Review the rating of TV shows that your children watch
4. Watch television with your children and discuss what is happening the show

Kedua teks di atas hampir sama, perbedaannya hanya ada di paragraf terakhir. Coba perhatikan paragraf terakhir pada teks 1 yang hanya berisi simpulan tidak ada saran. Memang ada kata “shouldn’t be allowed in the restaurants”, namun itu bukan saran melainkan penguatan dari thesis. Perhatikan lagi thesisnya “It must be allowed because…” Bandingkan dengan paragraf terakhir pada teks kedua yang berisi saran melalui empat tips yang harus dilakukan to protect the children. Clear right?

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42 comments on “Analytical VS Hortatory Exposition

    • dear nuning and desi…
      thanks for ur questions. i’ve already tried to rewrite and add more info. read it more ya…

  1. Perbdaanya jLas bgt wkt dbwt teory ny,tpi wkt dbndingkn dLm text ssah juga ya,coz sngt tipis bedanya,jdi kLau text 1 pnuLisny menmbahkan saran kepada org untuk tdak mrokok,mka text 1 bsa jadi hartatory expotition ya,gtu ya..?sbLumny thx u vry much y,yg tdi ny bner2 bLak,coz u’r artkLe,sngt mmbntu

  2. AsSalamu’aLaikum wr.wb. . . .
    Thank you very much,, Mom…
    Finally my homework can I finished.
    One more….
    Thank you..

  3. The first text also hav advise/recomendation “should” ( should not be allowed in any restaurants, people should not smoke anywhere)..please replay this message immediately. I need to mastering this kind of text.

  4. gan, kok itu yg perbedaan analytical & hortatory exposition kok sama ya ? yg bedanya cmn akhirnya aja :bingung:

    • Yup. YOu’re right. Perbedaannya cuma ada di bagian terakhir saja. Kalau akhirnya kesimpulan maka termasuk jenis teks analytical. Tapi kalau ada saran maka termasuk hortatory. JAngan bingung lagi ya.

  5. pjelasanx dah ok bgt kok. Aq s7 bgt klo endingx ja yg beda..tp kdg students msh suka sulit bedain mana yg conclusion n mana yg suggestion…

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  7. Tadi di sekolah ada pelajaran tentang Exposition teks tapi saya kurang paham, tapi begitu saya pulang sekolah saya buka web ini dan hasilnya saya mengerti…

    Thanks

  8. how come, so late i get the information about it. if i knew it b4, i would not get confused talking about genre…by the way, mom, i want to say that you are very rich in knowledge as we know that you can contribute it to others. many smart people just keep their knowledge in their mind and never contributing ….okay, mom, keep going with your effort hope Alloh SWT bless you.

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  10. menurut saya hortatory itu subjektif sedangkan analytical objektif. Penggunaan I personnaly adalah untuk hortatory bukan anlytical

    regards
    Imam

    • Dear Anisa Rahma,
      Kedua jenis teks adalah karangan argumentasi, ada thesis (pendapat), diikuti dengan arguments (alasan).

    • The main purpose of expository text is to inform or describe. Authors who write expository texts research the topic to gain information. The information is organized in a logical and interesting manner using various expository text structures. The most common expository text structures include description, enumerative or listing, sequence, comparison and contrast, cause and effect and problem and solution.
      Hortatory belongs to expository text.

    • Conclusion maksudnya kesimpulan. (Misalnya dimulai dengan kata In my conclusion, To conclude…)
      Recommendation maksudnya saran. (Misalnya ada kata should, have to, ought to, dll)

  11. Terima kasih :3 informasi ini sangat membantu…
    Btw klo boleh tahu, sumber teksnya dari mana yah…?
    coz mo ngecantumin ni text ke proposal design ^_^
    trima kasih sblmnya

  12. klu expository text structure itu bisa dijadi satu gak dalam sebuah paragraph?
    oh ya maaf sblm’y, pngn cr cnth proposal skripsi tntng expository text pa ya nm almt’y?
    dan jg pngn tny thpn2 dlm pmbuatan proposal skripsi?
    terima kasih di tnggu jwbn’y bu

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